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96 KiB

Time table / log

When? What? Notes
2019-02-21 Kick-Off x
Finish all admin points x
Know when/how to coordinate x
2019-02-21 Clarifications Ueli Maurer (Mentor) x
Write mail / phone x
2019-02-22 Have all papers handed in
2019-02-22 Have rough definition of tasks x
2019-02-23 python2 / ipaddress is buggy x
p4utils is python2 only support
bmpy_utils is not installable with pip
python2 / latest ipaddress==1.0.22 still has the bug
ipaddress.ip_network("2001:db8:61::/64")
IPv6Network(u'3230:3031:3a64:6238:3a36:313a:3a2f:3634/128')
egress routing x
2019-02-24 non reliable neighbor entries / flushing addresses puts into failed
2019-02-28 Meet Laurent #2
- Status
* Setup base code
* Parser for all protocols (udp,tcp,icmp,icmp6)
* Started with icmp translation
* Investigating into IPv6 based checksums
* Reading into various RFCs, NDP, MLD
* Reading about multicast / trying to figure out dynamic membership
- Challenges
* Some issues with python2 (ipaddr) - slowing down x
https://github.com/phihag/ipaddress/issues/46
* Forwarded and received icmp6 packets are not "accepted"
- Questions
* Multicast: in controller x
* Re-using code (lee howard) -> ok & mention x
* A lot of redundant code / different tables / repeating: use if's x
* 65k parsing is insane x
- Next steps:
* Supporting MLD
* Save stuff in the controller
* checkout ipaddr bug / status
* Variable length / icmp6 in the controller
* Go simple…
* Meeting Edgar & Alexander week after
* Summary on Slack
* 1130 meeting now
2019-03-01 Feature list / priority list / roadmap clear x
Joining P4 Slack
2019-03-03 icmp6 revised:
- add address to table for forwarding to controller x
- select correct format for forwarding
- decode in controller
- send back to switch
- test with host
2019-03-06 Meet Laurent #3
- Checksum's in scapy x
- Python2 ipaddress fix (import future) x
- Added custom package format / additional information in packet x
- (partial) NDP working in controller x
- P4 checksum_with_payload x
- Reading scapy / inet6 x
- Further checksum tests -> required everywhere in IPv6 x
- icmp6 echo request working in controller x
- Hosts can ping6 the switch x
- Ran into P4 casting bug: https://github.com/p4lang/p4c/issues/1765 x
-> seems to be more than just casting bug x
- Default route for ipv6 hosts x
Next target:
- Focus on enabling the "Internet" with ICMP6 translation x
Next steps:
- Investigate again into checksumming with payload in P4 x
- Answering icmp6 echo request in in the switch x
- Translate icmp6 to icmp x
- Translate icmp to icmp6
- Multiple branches: x
* Work on checksumming / p4 x
* Work on metadata passing / p4 x
* Work on static mapping (w/ incorrect checksum) 1:1
* v1model/
Notes:
* Edgar back on Friday // check tofino checksumming
* Bugs mentioning in thesis
* Maybe run static mapping on tofino / p4_14
* Tofino p4_16: alpha compiler
* Send recap / mail next week
* week after 1130 Thursday
2019-03-07 ICMP6 checksumming works!!! x
-> more fields needed to be included!
2019-03-13 Tried/trying to get vagrant VM or P4* running on the notebook
2019-03-14 NAT64 static rewrite
- table support
- checksum not yet ported for translations
- how to get mask from lpm table match?
- how to get network from lpm match?
- Create p4lang/p4-spec bug
https://github.com/p4lang/p4-spec/issues/745
2019-03-21 Meet Laurent #4 - post poned - sick
https://github.com/p4lang/p4-spec/issues/660 sizeof() missing
- Need to introduce new headers
- Might need deeper parsing for icmp6_ns
- Need hwaddr in icmp6_na
- Need to find out how to handle imcp6 options after target address
2019-03-23 Parsing down to link layer option
Parsing on wrong field detected by unset fields in wireshark
Correcting parser->leads to incorrect checksum
- NDP is answered to, but icmp6 echo request isn't -> extend table
Problem with multiple LPM keys in table
- logical problem, overlapping length matches
- priority / ordering would be helpful
2019-03-25
Writing down double LPM problem
Removing source network support, documenting limitation
Rewriting code to use multiple NAT64 destinations
New test.py v6_static_mapping tests
Again checksum errors in NDP answer
Added debug code to send table ID towards controller
2019-03-26
Find out where packet is stuck
2019-03-28 Meet Laurent #4
- Router solicitation for finding router on startup!
- test.py for TDD
- Parsing icmp6 is not enough - one layer deeper
2019-03-30 NAT64 1:1 table ICMP, ICMPv6 working
Will need some switch local ip addresses
2019-04-12 NAT64 1:1 table TCP/UDP working
2019-03-29 Jool SIIT / range / offset support https://www.jool.mx/en/run-vanilla.html
Jool EAMT support https://www.jool.mx/en/run-eam.html
Bidirectional support
Will need IPv6 embedding suport https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc6052
2019-04-05 NAT64 prefix based IPv6->IPv4 conversion [tayga]
Use case: IPv6 hosts send to specific /96
2019-04-19 NAT64 dynamic pool implementation: n:m ipv6 to ipv4 mapping
And n:1 stateful mappings https://www.jool.mx/en/run-nat64.html
Needs active controller
Needs timeout / leases
2019-05-10 Benmarking results between P4, Jool, Tayga
Real hardware of advantage
2019-08-01 Latest start writing documentation
2019-08-21 hand in thesis

Topics / Tasks

Thesis implementation

DONE Setup test VM for P4: 2a0a:e5c0:2:12:400:f0ff:fea9:c3e3

DONE Get feature list of jool

DONE Get feature list of tayga

DONE Setup P4 base / structure

DONE Create minimal controller for populating tables

DONE Checkout / review egress settings

DONE Create Basis to translate ipv6 –> ipv4 with a (freely programmable) prefix; test ping6_switch

DONE Insert prefix into switch: v6_networks
DONE Support multiple ipv6 source networks: need new table w/ 2 keys! -> not at the moment
DONE Write test.py to generate correct destination packets

>>> a = ipaddress.ip_network("2001:db8::/32") >>> b = ipaddress.ip_address("10.0.0.1") >>> a[int(b)] IPv6Address('2001:db8::a00:1')

DONE Using test.py, new NDP packets been seen, bur zero icmp on the outgoing side

p4@ubuntu:~/master-thesis/p4app$ python test.py –method v6_static_mapping –debug INFO:main:Trying to reach 10.0.0.1 (64:ff9b::a00:1) from h1 sudo: unable to resolve host ubuntu PING 64:ff9b::a00:1(64:ff9b::a00:1) 56 data bytes

— 64:ff9b::a00:1 ping statistics — 1 packets transmitted, 0 received, 100% packet loss, time 0ms

p4@ubuntu:~/master-thesis/p4app$ \x00\x00\x00 :\xff\xfe\x80\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x02\x00\n\xff\xfe\x00\x00\x01 \x01\r\xb8\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00B\x87\x00\x08+\x00\x00\x00\x00 \x01\r\xb8\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00B\x01\x01\x00\x00\n\x00\x00\x01' |>> DEBUG:main:cpu = <CpuHeader task=ICMP6_GENERAL ingress_port=1 type=0x86dd |<Raw load='`\x00\x00\x00\x00 :\xff\xfe\x80\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x02\x00\n\xff\xfe\x00\x00\x01 \x01\r\xb8\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00B\x87\x00\x08+\x00\x00\x00\x00 \x01\r\xb8\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00B\x01\x01\x00\x00\n\x00\x00\x01' |>> DEBUG:main:reassambled=<Ether dst=00:00:0a:00:00:42 src=00:00:0a:00:00:01 type=0x86dd |<IPv6 version=6 tc=0 fl=0 plen=32 nh=ICMPv6 hlim=255 src=fe80::200:aff:fe00:1 dst=2001:db8::42 |<ICMPv6ND_NS type=Neighbor Solicitation code=0 cksum=0x82b res=0 tgt=2001:db8::42 |<ICMPv6NDOptSrcLLAddr type=1 len=1 lladdr=00:00:0a:00:00:01 |>>>> DEBUG:main:INCOMING: <Ether dst=00:00:0a:00:00:42 src=00:00:0a:00:00:01 type=0x4242 |<Raw load='\x00\x02\x00\x01\x86\xdd`\x00\x00\x00\x00 :\xff\xfe\x80\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x02\x00\n\xff\xfe\x00\x00\x01 \x01\r\xb8\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00B\x87\x00\x08+\x00\x00\x00\x00 \x01\r\xb8\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00B\x01\x01\x00\x00\n\x00\x00\x01' |>> DEBUG:main:cpu = <CpuHeader task=ICMP6_GENERAL ingress_port=1 type=0x86dd |<Raw load='`\x00\x00\x00\x00 :\xff\xfe\x80\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x02\x00\n\xff\xfe\x00\x00\x01 \x01\r\xb8\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00B\x87\x00\x08+\x00\x00\x00\x00 \x01\r\xb8\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00B\x01\x01\x00\x00\n\x00\x00\x01' |>> DEBUG:main:reassambled=<Ether dst=00:00:0a:00:00:42 src=00:00:0a:00:00:01 type=0x86dd |<IPv6 version=6 tc=0 fl=0 plen=32 nh=ICMPv6 hlim=255 src=fe80::200:aff:fe00:1 dst=2001:db8::42 |<ICMPv6ND_NS type=Neighbor Solicitation code=0 cksum=0x82b res=0 tgt=2001:db8::42 |<ICMPv6NDOptSrcLLAddr type=1 len=1 lladdr=00:00:0a:00:00:01 |>>>> DEBUG:main:INCOMING: <Ether dst=00:00:0a:00:00:42 src=00:00:0a:00:00:01 type=0x4242 |<Raw load='\x00\x02\x00\x01\x86\xdd`\x00\x00\x00\x00 :\xff\xfe\x80\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x02\x00\n\xff\xfe\x00\x00\x01 \x01\r\xb8\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00B\x87\x00\x08+\x00\x00\x00\x00 \x01\r\xb8\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00B\x01\x01\x00\x00\n\x00\x00\x01' |>> DEBUG:main:cpu = <CpuHeader task=ICMP6_GENERAL ingress_port=1 type=0x86dd |<Raw load='`\x00\x00\x00\x00 :\xff\xfe\x80\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x02\x00\n\xff\xfe\x00\x00\x01 \x01\r\xb8\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00B\x87\x00\x08+\x00\x00\x00\x00 \x01\r\xb8\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00B\x01\x01\x00\x00\n\x00\x00\x01' |>> DEBUG:main:reassambled=<Ether dst=00:00:0a:00:00:42 src=00:00:0a:00:00:01 type=0x86dd |<IPv6 version=6 tc=0 fl=0 plen=32 nh=ICMPv6 hlim=255 src=fe80::200:aff:fe00:1 dst=2001:db8::42 |<ICMPv6ND_NS type=Neighbor Solicitation code=0 cksum=0x82b res=0 tgt=2001:db8::42 |<ICMPv6NDOptSrcLLAddr type=1 len=1 lladdr=00:00:0a:00:00:01 |>>>>

DONE Debug why neighbor discover does not work anymore
log

p4@ubuntu:~$ mx h1 tcpdump -lni any sudo: unable to resolve host ubuntu tcpdump: verbose output suppressed, use -v or -vv for full protocol decode listening on any, link-type LINUX_SLL (Linux cooked), capture size 262144 bytes

19:57:53.258805 IP6 fe80::200:aff:fe00:1 > ff02::1:ff00:42: ICMP6, neighbor solicitation, who has 2001:db8::42, length 32 19:57:54.256924 IP6 2001:db8::1 > 2001:db8::1: ICMP6, destination unreachable, unreachable address 64:ff9b::a00:1, length 112

EBUG:main:INCOMING: <Ether dst=33:33:ff:00:00:42 src=00:00:0a:00:00:01 type=0x4242 |<Raw load='\x00\x01\x00\x01\x86\xdd`\x00\x00\x00\x00 :\xff\xfe\x80\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x02\x00\n\xff\xfe\x00\x00\x01\xff\x02\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x01\xff\x00\x00B\x87\x007\xdf\x00\x00\x00\x00 \x01\r\xb8\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00B\x01\x01\x00\x00\n\x00\x00\x01' |>> DEBUG:main:cpu = <CpuHeader task=ICMP6_NS ingress_port=1 type=0x86dd |<Raw load='`\x00\x00\x00\x00 :\xff\xfe\x80\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x02\x00\n\xff\xfe\x00\x00\x01\xff\x02\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x01\xff\x00\x00B\x87\x007\xdf\x00\x00\x00\x00 \x01\r\xb8\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00B\x01\x01\x00\x00\n\x00\x00\x01' |>> DEBUG:main:reassambled=<Ether dst=33:33:ff:00:00:42 src=00:00:0a:00:00:01 type=0x86dd |<IPv6 version=6 tc=0 fl=0 plen=32 nh=ICMPv6 hlim=255 src=fe80::200:aff:fe00:1 dst=ff02::1:ff00:42 |<ICMPv6ND_NS type=Neighbor Solicitation code=0 cksum=0x37df res=0 tgt=2001:db8::42 |<ICMPv6NDOptSrcLLAddr type=1 len=1 lladdr=00:00:0a:00:00:01 |>>>> INFO:main:Doing neighbor solicitation DEBUG:main:OUTGOING: <Ether dst=00:00:0a:00:00:01 src=00:00:0a:00:00:42 type=0x86dd |<IPv6 nh=ICMPv6 hlim=255 src=2001:db8::42 dst=fe80::200:aff:fe00:1 |<ICMPv6ND_NA cksum=None R=0 S=1 tgt=2001:db8::42 |<ICMPv6NDOptDstLLAddr lladdr=00:00:0a:00:00:42 |>>>> DEBUG:main:INCOMING: <Ether dst=00:00:0a:00:00:01 src=00:00:0a:00:00:42 type=0x86dd |<IPv6 version=6 tc=0 fl=0 plen=32 nh=ICMPv6 hlim=255 src=2001:db8::42 dst=fe80::200:aff:fe00:1 |<ICMPv6ND_NA type=Neighbor Advertisement code=0 cksum=0xa5e9 R=0 S=1 O=1 res=0x0 tgt=2001:db8::42 |<ICMPv6NDOptDstLLAddr type=2 len=1 lladdr=00:00:0a:00:00:42 |>>>>

After removing noise:

DEBUG:main:reassambled=<Ether dst=33:33:ff:00:00:42 src=00:00:0a:00:00:01 type=0x86dd |<IPv6 version=6 tc=0 fl=0 plen=32 nh=ICMPv6 hlim=255 src=fe80::200:aff:fe00:1 dst=ff02::1:ff00:42 |<ICMPv6ND_NS type=Neighbor Solicitation code=0 cksum=0x37df res=0 tgt=2001:db8::42 |<ICMPv6NDOptSrcLLAddr type=1 len=1 lladdr=00:00:0a:00:00:01 |>>>> DEBUG:main:reassambled=<Ether dst=33:33:ff:00:00:42 src=00:00:0a:00:00:01 type=0x86dd |<IPv6 version=6 tc=0 fl=0 plen=32 nh=ICMPv6 hlim=255 src=fe80::200:aff:fe00:1 dst=ff02::1:ff00:42 |<ICMPv6ND_NS type=Neighbor Solicitation code=0 cksum=0x37df res=0 tgt=2001:db8::42 |<ICMPv6NDOptSrcLLAddr type=1 len=1 lladdr=00:00:0a:00:00:01 |>>>> DEBUG:main:reassambled=<Ether dst=33:33:ff:00:00:42 src=00:00:0a:00:00:01 type=0x86dd |<IPv6 version=6 tc=0 fl=0 plen=32 nh=ICMPv6 hlim=255 src=2001:db8::1 dst=ff02::1:ff00:42 |<ICMPv6ND_NS type=Neighbor Solicitation code=0 cksum=0x13a7 res=0 tgt=2001:db8::42 |<ICMPv6NDOptSrcLLAddr type=1 len=1 lladdr=00:00:0a:00:00:01 |>>>> DEBUG:main:reassambled=<Ether dst=33:33:ff:00:00:42 src=00:00:0a:00:00:01 type=0x86dd |<IPv6 version=6 tc=0 fl=0 plen=32 nh=ICMPv6 hlim=255 src=2001:db8::1 dst=ff02::1:ff00:42 |<ICMPv6ND_NS type=Neighbor Solicitation code=0 cksum=0x13a7 res=0 tgt=2001:db8::42 |<ICMPv6NDOptSrcLLAddr type=1 len=1 lladdr=00:00:0a:00:00:01 |>>>> DEBUG:main:reassambled=<Ether dst=33:33:ff:00:00:42 src=00:00:0a:00:00:01 type=0x86dd |<IPv6 version=6 tc=0 fl=0 plen=32 nh=ICMPv6 hlim=255 src=2001:db8::1 dst=ff02::1:ff00:42 |<ICMPv6ND_NS type=Neighbor Solicitation code=0 cksum=0x13a7 res=0 tgt=2001:db8::42 |<ICMPv6NDOptSrcLLAddr type=1 len=1 lladdr=00:00:0a:00:00:01 |>>>>

Do we have routing for fe80::/10? Probably not. Shouldn't we see it in the controller then?
NDP is controller only!
DONE Finish NDP in switch
DONE Need to set R/S/O bits
DONE Need to parse R/S/O bits
DONE Maybe merge v6_address and v6_networks - /128 is the same
DONE Implement address learning? -> not at the moment
DONE Not sure whether we should react on router solicitation -> not at the moment
  • Using static routes -> should do the job
DONE Implement the calculation

Currently offset + ip address

DONE Sketch the flow for session handling for icmp6 w/o packet loss
  • switch receives icmp6 packet for known prefix
  • controller needs to create session entry (?)

Not sure what I meant to do here - closing.

DONE Create table entry for mapping v4->v6 [net]
DONE Create table entry for mapping v6->v4 [net]

TODO Implement ICMP <-> ICMP6 translation

2019-02-28 / icmp testing / first NDP steps
pinging in router mode: nothing shown in the controller, multicast forwarded -> "ok"

root@ubuntu:~/master-thesis/p4app# ping6 -c1 2001:db8:61::42 PING 2001:db8:61::42(2001:db8:61::42) 56 data bytes From 2001:db8:61::1 icmp_seq=1 Destination unreachable: Address unreachable

— 2001:db8:61::42 ping statistics — 1 packets transmitted, 0 received, +1 errors, 100% packet loss, time 0ms

root@ubuntu:~/master-thesis/p4app#

sudo: unable to resolve host ubuntu tcpdump: verbose output suppressed, use -v or -vv for full protocol decode listening on h1-eth0, link-type EN10MB (Ethernet), capture size 262144 bytes 09:47:07.191569 IP6 2001:db8:61::1 > ff02::1:ff00:42: ICMP6, neighbor solicitation, who has 2001:db8:61::42, length 32 09:47:08.190331 IP6 2001:db8:61::1 > ff02::1:ff00:42: ICMP6, neighbor solicitation, who has 2001:db8:61::42, length 32 09:47:09.190279 IP6 2001:db8:61::1 > ff02::1:ff00:42: ICMP6, neighbor solicitation, who has 2001:db8:61::42, length 32

DONE special rule for ff02::1:ff00:42

Semi works, replies are there, but host still retries:

p4@ubuntu:~/master-thesis$ h=1; mx h$h tcpdump -lni h$h-eth0 sudo: unable to resolve host ubuntu tcpdump: verbose output suppressed, use -v or -vv for full protocol decode listening on h1-eth0, link-type EN10MB (Ethernet), capture size 262144 bytes 09:58:04.786979 IP6 2001:db8:61::1 > ff02::1:ff00:42: ICMP6, neighbor solicitation, who has 2001:db8:61::42, length 32 09:58:04.793560 IP6 2001:db8:61::42 > 2001:db8:61::1: ICMP6, neighbor advertisement, tgt is 2001:db8:61::42, length 32 09:58:05.786311 IP6 2001:db8:61::1 > ff02::1:ff00:42: ICMP6, neighbor solicitation, who has 2001:db8:61::42, length 32 09:58:05.790506 IP6 2001:db8:61::42 > 2001:db8:61::1: ICMP6, neighbor advertisement, tgt is 2001:db8:61::42, length 32 09:58:06.786254 IP6 2001:db8:61::1 > ff02::1:ff00:42: ICMP6, neighbor solicitation, who has 2001:db8:61::42, length 32 09:58:06.792325 IP6 2001:db8:61::42 > 2001:db8:61::1: ICMP6, neighbor advertisement, tgt is 2001:db8:61::42, length 32

Maybe checksums?

DONE Parse icmp
DONE Parse icmpv6
DONE Add (static) egress configuration
DONE Calculate ICMP6 checksums in controller
Need to include the payload!?!!
DONE Implement minimal neighbor discovery in controller
DONE For the switch
DONE Register IPv6 address in table
DONE Parse ICMPv6 up to neighbor solicitation -> no: checksum problem
DONE Use NDP (Neighbor Solicitation (NDP) , Neighbor Advertisement (NDP)) -> no: controller
Approach 2: use cpu header, forward information to controller
DONE Fix the ip address match/mapping: 42 -> 2a -> use hex originally
DONE Find out why wrong type is used -> overlapping with NDP

DEBUG:main:INCOMING: <Ether dst=33:33:ff:00:00:42 src=00:00:0a:00:00:01 type=0x4242 |<Raw load='\x00\x03\x00\x01\x86\xdd`\x00\x00\x00\x00 :\xff \x01\r\xb8\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x01\xff\x02\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x01\xff\x00\x00B\x87\x00\xd3\xa4\x00\x00\x00\x00 \x01\r\xb8\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00B\x01\x01\x00\x00\n\x00\x00\x01' |>> p=<Ether dst=33:33:ff:00:00:42 src=00:00:0a:00:00:01 type=0x4242 |<Raw load='\x00\x03\x00\x01\x86\xdd`\x00\x00\x00\x00 :\xff \x01\r\xb8\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x01\xff\x02\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x01\xff\x00\x00B\x87\x00\xd3\xa4\x00\x00\x00\x00 \x01\r\xb8\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00B\x01\x01\x00\x00\n\x00\x00\x01' |>> DEBUG:main:cpu = <CpuHeader task=DEBUG ingress_port=1 type=0x86dd |<Raw load='`\x00\x00\x00\x00 :\xff \x01\r\xb8\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x01\xff\x02\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x01\xff\x00\x00B\x87\x00\xd3\xa4\x00\x00\x00\x00 \x01\r\xb8\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00B\x01\x01\x00\x00\n\x00\x00\x01' |>> DEBUG:main:o=<Ether dst=33:33:ff:00:00:42 src=00:00:0a:00:00:01 type=0x86dd |<IPv6 version=6 tc=0 fl=0 plen=32 nh=ICMPv6 hlim=255 src=2001:db8::1 dst=ff02::1:ff00:42 |<ICMPv6ND_NS type=Neighbor Solicitation code=0 cksum=0xd3a4 res=0 tgt=2001:db8::42 |<ICMPv6NDOptSrcLLAddr type=1 len=1 lladdr=00:00:0a:00:00:01 |>>>> DEBUG:main:Debug purpose only DEBUG:main:INCOMING: <Ether dst=33:33:ff:00:00:42 src=00:00:0a:00:00:01 type=0x4242 |<Raw load='\x00\x03\x00\x01\x86\xdd`\x00\x00\x00\x00 :\xff \x01\r\xb8\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x01\xff\x02\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x01\xff\x00\x00B\x87\x00\xd3\xa4\x00\x00\x00\x00 \x01\r\xb8\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00B\x01\x01\x00\x00\n\x00\x00\x01' |>> p=<Ether dst=33:33:ff:00:00:42 src=00:00:0a:00:00:01 type=0x4242 |<Raw load='\x00\x03\x00\x01\x86\xdd`\x00\x00\x00\x00 :\xff \x01\r\xb8\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x01\xff\x02\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x01\xff\x00\x00B\x87\x00\xd3\xa4\x00\x00\x00\x00 \x01\r\xb8\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00B\x01\x01\x00\x00\n\x00\x00\x01' |>> DEBUG:main:cpu = <CpuHeader task=DEBUG ingress_port=1 type=0x86dd |<Raw load='`\x00\x00\x00\x00 :\xff \x01\r\xb8\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x01\xff\x02\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x01\xff\x00\x00B\x87\x00\xd3\xa4\x00\x00\x00\x00 \x01\r\xb8\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00B\x01\x01\x00\x00\n\x00\x00\x01' |>> DEBUG:main:o=<Ether dst=33:33:ff:00:00:42 src=00:00:0a:00:00:01 type=0x86dd |<IPv6 version=6 tc=0 fl=0 plen=32 nh=ICMPv6 hlim=255 src=2001:db8::1 dst=ff02::1:ff00:42 |<ICMPv6ND_NS type=Neighbor Solicitation code=0 cksum=0xd3a4 res=0 tgt=2001:db8::42 |<ICMPv6NDOptSrcLLAddr type=1 len=1 lladdr=00:00:0a:00:00:01 |>>>> DEBUG:main:Debug purpose only DEBUG:main:INCOMING: <Ether dst=33:33:ff:00:00:42 src=00:00:0a:00:00:01 type=0x4242 |<Raw load='\x00\x03\x00\x01\x86\xdd`\x00\x00\x00\x00 :\xff \x01\r\xb8\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x01\xff\x02\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x01\xff\x00\x00B\x87\x00\xd3\xa4\x00\x00\x00\x00 \x01\r\xb8\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00B\x01\x01\x00\x00\n\x00\x00\x01' |>> p=<Ether dst=33:33:ff:00:00:42 src=00:00:0a:00:00:01 type=0x4242 |<Raw load='\x00\x03\x00\x01\x86\xdd`\x00\x00\x00\x00 :\xff \x01\r\xb8\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x01\xff\x02\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x01\xff\x00\x00B\x87\x00\xd3\xa4\x00\x00\x00\x00 \x01\r\xb8\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00B\x01\x01\x00\x00\n\x00\x00\x01' |>> DEBUG:main:cpu = <CpuHeader task=DEBUG ingress_port=1 type=0x86dd |<Raw load='`\x00\x00\x00\x00 :\xff \x01\r\xb8\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x01\xff\x02\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x01\xff\x00\x00B\x87\x00\xd3\xa4\x00\x00\x00\x00 \x01\r\xb8\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00B\x01\x01\x00\x00\n\x00\x00\x01' |>> DEBUG:main:o=<Ether dst=33:33:ff:00:00:42 src=00:00:0a:00:00:01 type=0x86dd |<IPv6 version=6 tc=0 fl=0 plen=32 nh=ICMPv6 hlim=255 src=2001:db8::1 dst=ff02::1:ff00:42 |<ICMPv6ND_NS type=Neighbor Solicitation code=0 cksum=0xd3a4 res=0 tgt=2001:db8::42 |<ICMPv6NDOptSrcLLAddr type=1 len=1 lladdr=00:00:0a:00:00:01 |>>>> DEBUG:main:Debug purpose only

Disable debug by default -> gives correct packets

DEBUG:main:INCOMING: <Ether dst=33:33:ff:00:00:42 src=00:00:0a:00:00:01 type=0x4242 |<Raw load='\x00\x01\x00\x01\x86\xdd`\x00\x00\x00\x00 :\xff \x01\r\xb8\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x01\xff\x02\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x01\xff\x00\x00B\x87\x00\xd3\xa4\x00\x00\x00\x00 \x01\r\xb8\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00B\x01\x01\x00\x00\n\x00\x00\x01' |>> DEBUG:main:cpu = <CpuHeader task=ICMP6_NS ingress_port=1 type=0x86dd |<Raw load='`\x00\x00\x00\x00 :\xff \x01\r\xb8\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x01\xff\x02\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x01\xff\x00\x00B\x87\x00\xd3\xa4\x00\x00\x00\x00 \x01\r\xb8\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00B\x01\x01\x00\x00\n\x00\x00\x01' |>> DEBUG:main:o=<Ether dst=33:33:ff:00:00:42 src=00:00:0a:00:00:01 type=0x86dd |<IPv6 version=6 tc=0 fl=0 plen=32 nh=ICMPv6 hlim=255 src=2001:db8::1 dst=ff02::1:ff00:42 |<ICMPv6ND_NS type=Neighbor Solicitation code=0 cksum=0xd3a4 res=0 tgt=2001:db8::42 |<ICMPv6NDOptSrcLLAddr type=1 len=1 lladdr=00:00:0a:00:00:01 |>>>> DEBUG:main:Doing neighbor solicitation DEBUG:main:INCOMING: <Ether dst=33:33:ff:00:00:42 src=00:00:0a:00:00:01 type=0x4242 |<Raw load='\x00\x01\x00\x01\x86\xdd`\x00\x00\x00\x00 :\xff \x01\r\xb8\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x01\xff\x02\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x01\xff\x00\x00B\x87\x00\xd3\xa4\x00\x00\x00\x00 \x01\r\xb8\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00B\x01\x01\x00\x00\n\x00\x00\x01' |>> DEBUG:main:cpu = <CpuHeader task=ICMP6_NS ingress_port=1 type=0x86dd |<Raw load='`\x00\x00\x00\x00 :\xff \x01\r\xb8\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x01\xff\x02\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x01\xff\x00\x00B\x87\x00\xd3\xa4\x00\x00\x00\x00 \x01\r\xb8\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00B\x01\x01\x00\x00\n\x00\x00\x01' |>> DEBUG:main:o=<Ether dst=33:33:ff:00:00:42 src=00:00:0a:00:00:01 type=0x86dd |<IPv6 version=6 tc=0 fl=0 plen=32 nh=ICMPv6 hlim=255 src=2001:db8::1 dst=ff02::1:ff00:42 |<ICMPv6ND_NS type=Neighbor Solicitation code=0 cksum=0xd3a4 res=0 tgt=2001:db8::42 |<ICMPv6NDOptSrcLLAddr type=1 len=1 lladdr=00:00:0a:00:00:01 |>>>> DEBUG:main:Doing neighbor solicitation DEBUG:main:INCOMING: <Ether dst=33:33:ff:00:00:42 src=00:00:0a:00:00:01 type=0x4242 |<Raw load='\x00\x01\x00\x01\x86\xdd`\x00\x00\x00\x00 :\xff \x01\r\xb8\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x01\xff\x02\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x01\xff\x00\x00B\x87\x00\xd3\xa4\x00\x00\x00\x00 \x01\r\xb8\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00B\x01\x01\x00\x00\n\x00\x00\x01' |>> DEBUG:main:cpu = <CpuHeader task=ICMP6_NS ingress_port=1 type=0x86dd |<Raw load='`\x00\x00\x00\x00 :\xff \x01\r\xb8\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x01\xff\x02\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x01\xff\x00\x00B\x87\x00\xd3\xa4\x00\x00\x00\x00 \x01\r\xb8\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00B\x01\x01\x00\x00\n\x00\x00\x01' |>> DEBUG:main:o=<Ether dst=33:33:ff:00:00:42 src=00:00:0a:00:00:01 type=0x86dd |<IPv6 version=6 tc=0 fl=0 plen=32 nh=ICMPv6 hlim=255 src=2001:db8::1 dst=ff02::1:ff00:42 |<ICMPv6ND_NS type=Neighbor Solicitation code=0 cksum=0xd3a4 res=0 tgt=2001:db8::42 |<ICMPv6NDOptSrcLLAddr type=1 len=1 lladdr=00:00:0a:00:00:01 |>>>> DEBUG:main:Doing neighbor solicitation

DONE For other nodes -> multicast
TODO Maybe implement link local addresses (missing at the moment)
ff02::/??
rfc4861

"Neighbor Solicitation messages are multicast to the solicited-node multicast address of the target address."

DONE multicasting / groups
create a group ("node") that contains "all other" ports
create a multicast group with an ID
associate the "node" with the multicast group ID
If destination is within ff02::1:ff00:0/104, multicast
DONE Make switch answer icmp6 echo request for
DONE Introduce mixed mode: switch: icmp6 echo reply, controller: NDP
DONE try 1: reply seen, but checksum is incorrect
DONE try 2: analysing tagya checksumming code

static uint16_t ip6_checksum(struct ip6 *ip6, uint32_t data_len, uint8_t proto) { uint32_t sum = 0; uint16_t *p; int i;

for (i = 0, p = ip6->src.s6_addr16; i < 16; i) sum += *p; sum += htonl(data_len) >> 16; sum += htonl(data_len) & 0xffff; sum += htons(proto);

while (sum > 0xffff) sum = (sum & 0xffff) + (sum >> 16);

return ~sum; }

static uint16_t convert_cksum(struct ip6 *ip6, struct ip4 *ip4) { uint32_t sum = 0; uint16_t *p; int i;

sum += ~ip4->src.s_addr >> 16; sum += ~ip4->src.s_addr & 0xffff; sum += ~ip4->dest.s_addr >> 16; sum += ~ip4->dest.s_addr & 0xffff;

for (i = 0, p = ip6->src.s6_addr16; i < 16; i) sum += *p;

while (sum > 0xffff) sum = (sum & 0xffff) + (sum >> 16);

return sum; } … static int xlate_payload_4to6(struct pkt *p, struct ip6 *ip6) { uint16_t *tck; uint16_t cksum;

if (p->ip4->flags_offset & htons(IP4_F_MASK)) return 0;

switch (p->data_proto) { case 1: cksum = ip6_checksum(ip6, htons(p->ip4->length) - p->header_len, 58); cksum = ones_add(p->icmp->cksum, cksum); if (p->icmp->type == 8) { p->icmp->type = 128; p->icmp->cksum = ones_add(cksum, ~(128 - 8)); } else { p->icmp->type = 129; p->icmp->cksum = ones_add(cksum, ~(129 - 0)); } return 0;

DONE Add default route for v6 hosts

p4@ubuntu:~/master-thesis$ mx h1 ip -6 r sudo: unable to resolve host ubuntu 2001:db8::/64 dev h1-eth0 proto kernel metric 256 pref medium fe80::/64 dev h1-eth0 proto kernel metric 256 pref medium default via 2001:db8::42 dev h1-eth0 metric 1024 pref medium p4@ubuntu:~/master-thesis$

TODO ping6ing an emulated ipv6 host / Translate icmp <-> icmp6: test v6_static_mapping
DONE try1: only packets on h1 + controller -> wrong checksum 2019-03-25
  • filename=static_nat64-2019-03-25-1121-h1.pcap
  • intf=h1-eth0
  • mx h1 tcpdump -ni h1-eth0 -w static_nat64-2019-03-25-1121-h1.pcap

tcpdump: listening on h1-eth0, link-type EN10MB (Ethernet), capture size 262144 bytes ^C10 packets captured 10 packets received by filter 0 packets dropped by kernel DEBUG:main:reassambled=<Ether dst=33:33:ff:00:00:42 src=00:00:0a:00:00:01 type=0x86dd |<IPv6 version=6 tc=0 fl=0 plen=32 nh=ICMPv6 hlim=255 src=fe80::200:aff:fe00:1 dst=ff02::1:ff00:42 |<ICMPv6ND_NS type=Neighbor Solicitation code=0 cksum=0x37df res=0 tgt=2001:db8::42 |<ICMPv6NDOptSrcLLAddr type=1 len=1 lladdr=00:00:0a:00:00:01 |>>>> DEBUG:main:reassambled=<Ether dst=33:33:ff:00:00:42 src=00:00:0a:00:00:01 type=0x86dd |<IPv6 version=6 tc=0 fl=0 plen=32 nh=ICMPv6 hlim=255 src=fe80::200:aff:fe00:1 dst=ff02::1:ff00:42 |<ICMPv6ND_NS type=Neighbor Solicitation code=0 cksum=0x37df res=0 tgt=2001:db8::42 |<ICMPv6NDOptSrcLLAddr type=1 len=1 lladdr=00:00:0a:00:00:01 |>>>> DEBUG:main:reassambled=<Ether dst=33:33:ff:00:00:42 src=00:00:0a:00:00:01 type=0x86dd |<IPv6 version=6 tc=0 fl=0 plen=32 nh=ICMPv6 hlim=255 src=2001:db8::1 dst=ff02::1:ff00:42 |<ICMPv6ND_NS type=Neighbor Solicitation code=0 cksum=0x13a7 res=0 tgt=2001:db8::42 |<ICMPv6NDOptSrcLLAddr type=1 len=1 lladdr=00:00:0a:00:00:01 |>>>> DEBUG:main:reassambled=<Ether dst=33:33:ff:00:00:42 src=00:00:0a:00:00:01 type=0x86dd |<IPv6 version=6 tc=0 fl=0 plen=32 nh=ICMPv6 hlim=255 src=2001:db8::1 dst=ff02::1:ff00:42 |<ICMPv6ND_NS type=Neighbor Solicitation code=0 cksum=0x13a7 res=0 tgt=2001:db8::42 |<ICMPv6NDOptSrcLLAddr type=1 len=1 lladdr=00:00:0a:00:00:01 |>>>> DEBUG:main:reassambled=<Ether dst=33:33:ff:00:00:42 src=00:00:0a:00:00:01 type=0x86dd |<IPv6 version=6 tc=0 fl=0 plen=32 nh=ICMPv6 hlim=255 src=2001:db8::1 dst=ff02::1:ff00:42 |<ICMPv6ND_NS type=Neighbor Solicitation code=0 cksum=0x13a7 res=0 tgt=2001:db8::42 |<ICMPv6NDOptSrcLLAddr type=1 len=1 lladdr=00:00:0a:00:00:01 |>>>>

That looks like NDP is not working again. Why: checksum seems to be incorrect according to wireshark. Why? Checksum is the SAME as in the request -> probably not updated. After inserting marker: it's clear that the checksum code DOES NOT work on the task field!

Problem: task field might be overriden for controller use in different table -> need different task field!

TODO try2: checksum ok, but no packets on h3
DONE Setup a default rule for the IPv4 world to debug on controller

Still not seeing the converted packet, however seeing icmp6_ns packets which should not be there:

table entry for ns:

ff:02:00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00:01:ff:00:00:42/128

debug packet seen in controller:

DEBUG:main:v6 reassambled=<Ether dst=33:33:ff:00:00:42 src=00:00:0a:00:00:01 type=0x86dd |<IPv6 version=6 tc=0 fl=0 plen=32 nh=ICMPv6 hlim=255 src=fe80::200:aff:fe00:1 dst=ff02::1:ff00:42 |<ICMPv6ND_NS type=Neighbor Solicitation code=0 cksum=0x37df res=0 tgt=2001:db8::42 |<ICMPv6NDOptSrcLLAddr type=1 len=1 lladdr=00:00:0a:00:00:01 |>>>> DEBUG:main:v6 reassambled=<Ether dst=33:33:ff:00:00:42 src=00:00:0a:00:00:01 type=0x86dd |<IPv6 version=6 tc=0 fl=0 plen=32 nh=ICMPv6 hlim=255 src=fe80::200:aff:fe00:1 dst=ff02::1:ff00:42 |<ICMPv6ND_NS type=Neighbor Solicitation code=0 cksum=0x37df res=0 tgt=2001:db8::42 |<ICMPv6NDOptSrcLLAddr type=1 len=1 lladdr=00:00:0a:00:00:01 |>>>> DEBUG:main:v6 reassambled=<Ether dst=33:33:ff:00:00:42 src=00:00:0a:00:00:01 type=0x86dd |<IPv6 version=6 tc=0 fl=0 plen=32 nh=ICMPv6 hlim=255 src=2001:db8::1 dst=ff02::1:ff00:42 |<ICMPv6ND_NS type=Neighbor Solicitation code=0 cksum=0x13a7 res=0 tgt=2001:db8::42 |<ICMPv6NDOptSrcLLAddr type=1 len=1 lladdr=00:00:0a:00:00:01 |>>>>

DEBUG:main:v6 reassambled=<Ether dst=00:00:0a:00:00:42 src=00:00:0a:00:00:01 type=0x86dd |<IPv6 version=6 tc=0 fl=920946 plen=64 nh=ICMPv6 hlim=64 src=2001:db8::1 dst=2001:db8:1::a00:1 |<ICMPv6EchoRequest type=Echo Request code=0 cksum=0xf981 id=0x5f7c seq=0x1 data='N\xc6\x98\\\x00\x00\x00\x00\x12\x1b\t\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x10\x11\x12\x13\x14\x15\x16\x17\x18\x19\x1a\x1b\x1c\x1d\x1e\x1f !"#$%&\'()*+,-./01234567' |>>>

debugging MIGHT come from nat64 table!

DONE Add table name support in debug messages
TODO Make switch answer IPv4 icmp echo request for
TODO Add / check default route for v4 hosts

TODO Get p4 VM / vagrant running

DONE install libvirtd-daemon
DONE install ebtables
DONE install dnsmasq

TODO Get p4c & co. running on the notebook

DONE mininet via packages
DONE p4c

(virtualenv-with-site) [17:43] line:build% make install [ 0%] Built target update_includes [ 0%] Built target linkgraphs [ 0%] Built target linkbmv2 [ 0%] Built target linkp4cebpf [ 0%] Built target linkp4test [ 1%] Built target p4c_driver [ 4%] Built target p4ctoolkit [ 12%] Built target irgenerator [ 14%] Generating IR class files [ 14%] Built target genIR [ 18%] Built target ir [ 18%] Built target mkv1dirs [ 18%] Built target mkp4dirs [ 45%] Built target frontend [ 51%] Built target midend [ 51%] Built target mkP4configdir [ 64%] Built target controlplane [ 68%] Built target bmv2backend [ 75%] Built target p4c-bm2-psa [ 81%] Built target p4c-bm2-ss [ 84%] Built target p4c-ebpf [ 87%] Built target p4test [ 90%] Built target p4c-graphs [ 93%] Built target gtest [100%] Built target gtestp4c Install the project… – Install configuration: "RELEASE" – Installing: /home/nico/vcs/master-thesis/support/p4c-installation/share/p4c/p4include – Installing: /home/nico/vcs/master-thesis/support/p4c-installation/share/p4c/p4include/p4d2model.p4 – Installing: /home/nico/vcs/master-thesis/support/p4c-installation/share/p4c/p4include/v1model.p4 – Installing: /home/nico/vcs/master-thesis/support/p4c-installation/share/p4c/p4include/core.p4 – Installing: /home/nico/vcs/master-thesis/support/p4c-installation/share/p4c/p4include/psa.p4 – Installing: /home/nico/vcs/master-thesis/support/p4c-installation/bin/p4c – Installing: /home/nico/vcs/master-thesis/support/p4c-installation/share/p4c/p4c_src – Installing: /home/nico/vcs/master-thesis/support/p4c-installation/share/p4c/p4c_src/driver.py – Installing: /home/nico/vcs/master-thesis/support/p4c-installation/share/p4c/p4c_src/util.py – Installing: /home/nico/vcs/master-thesis/support/p4c-installation/share/p4c/p4c_src/config.py – Installing: /home/nico/vcs/master-thesis/support/p4c-installation/share/p4c/p4c_src/__init__.py – Installing: /home/nico/vcs/master-thesis/support/p4c-installation/share/p4c/p4c_src/main.py – Installing: /home/nico/vcs/master-thesis/support/p4c-installation/share/p4c/p4c_src/p4c.bmv2.cfg – Installing: /home/nico/vcs/master-thesis/support/p4c-installation/share/p4c/p4c_src/p4c.ebpf.cfg – Installing: /home/nico/vcs/master-thesis/support/p4c-installation/bin/p4c-bm2-ss – Installing: /home/nico/vcs/master-thesis/support/p4c-installation/bin/p4c-bm2-psa – Installing: /home/nico/vcs/master-thesis/support/p4c-installation/bin/p4c-ebpf – Up-to-date: /home/nico/vcs/master-thesis/support/p4c-installation/share/p4c/p4include – Installing: /home/nico/vcs/master-thesis/support/p4c-installation/share/p4c/p4include/ebpf_model.p4 – Installing: /home/nico/vcs/master-thesis/support/p4c-installation/bin/p4test – Installing: home/nico/vcs/master-thesis/support/p4c-installation/bin/p4c-graphs (virtualenv-with-site) [0:42] line:build% ls /home/nico/vcs/master-thesis/support/p4c-installation/bin p4c p4c-bm2-psa p4c-bm2-ss p4c-ebpf p4c-graphs p4test (virtualenv-with-site) [0:42] line:build%

TODO install behavioral-model
TODO Debug / reread the virtualbox script from the lecture
TODO Get p4c installed / running

https://github.com/p4lang/p4c

log

[16:31] line:p4c% git submodule update –init –recursive

root@line:~# apt install bison \ > build-essential \ > cmake \ > flex \ > g++ \ > libboost-dev \ > libboost-graph-dev \ > libboost-iostreams1.58-dev \ > libfl-dev \ > libgc-dev \ > libgmp-dev \ > pkg-config \ > python-ipaddr \ > python-pip \ > python-setuptools \ > tcpdump Reading package lists… Done Building dependency tree Reading state information… Done Package libboost-iostreams1.58-dev is not available, but is referred to by another package. This may mean that the package is missing, has been obsoleted, or is only available from another source

E: Package 'libboost-iostreams1.58-dev' has no installation candidate root@line:~# apt install libpcap-dev libelf-dev llvm clang iproute2 net-tools

[16:33] line:p4c% . ~/vcs/master-thesis/support/virtualenv2/bin/activate (virtualenv2) [16:35] line:p4c% pip install tenjin \ pyroute2 \ ply==3.8 \ scapy==2.4.0

Using newer version of libboost-iostreams1.58-dev
buidling

(virtualenv2) [16:36] line:p4c% mkdir build && \ cd build && \ cmake .. '-DCMAKE_CXX_FLAGS:STRING=-O3'

missing protobuf

(virtualenv2) [16:36] line:p4c% mkdir build && \ cd build && \ cmake .. '-DCMAKE_CXX_FLAGS:STRING=-O3'

cd build && \ cmake .. '-DCMAKE_CXX_FLAGS:STRING=-O3'– The C compiler identification is GNU 8.3.0 – The CXX compiler identification is GNU 8.3.0 – Check for working C compiler: /usr/bin/cc – Check for working C compiler: /usr/bin/cc – works – Detecting C compiler ABI info – Detecting C compiler ABI info - done – Detecting C compile features – Detecting C compile features - done – Check for working CXX compiler: /usr/bin/c++ – Check for working CXX compiler: /usr/bin/c++ – works – Detecting CXX compiler ABI info – Detecting CXX compiler ABI info - done – Detecting CXX compile features – Detecting CXX compile features - done – Found PythonInterp: /home/nico/vcs/master-thesis/support/virtualenv2/bin/python (found version "2.7.16") – Found FLEX: /usr/bin/flex (found version "2.6.4") – Found BISON: /usr/bin/bison (found suitable version "3.3.2", minimum required is "3.0.2") CMake Error at /usr/share/cmake-3.13/Modules/FindPackageHandleStandardArgs.cmake:137 (message): Could NOT find Protobuf (missing: Protobuf_INCLUDE_DIR) (Required is at least version "3.0.0") Call Stack (most recent call first): /usr/share/cmake-3.13/Modules/FindPackageHandleStandardArgs.cmake:378 (_FPHSA_FAILURE_MESSAGE) /usr/share/cmake-3.13/Modules/FindProtobuf.cmake:595 (FIND_PACKAGE_HANDLE_STANDARD_ARGS) CMakeLists.txt:81 (find_package)

– Configuring incomplete, errors occurred! See also "/home/nico/vcs/master-thesis/support/p4c/build/CMakeFiles/CMakeOutput.log". See also "/home/nico/vcs/master-thesis/support/p4c/build/CMakeFiles/CMakeError.log". (virtualenv2) [16:36] line:build% apt search protobuf

(virtualenv2) [16:38] line:build% sudo apt install python-protobuf protobuf-compiler

(virtualenv2) [16:38] line:build% cmake .. '-DCMAKE_CXX_FLAGS:STRING=-O3' – Found Protobuf: /usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/libprotobuf.a;-lpthread (found suitable version "3.6.1", minimum required is "3.0.0") – Boost version: 1.67.0 – Found the following Boost libraries: – iostreams – regex – Found LibGc: /usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/libgccpp.so (found suitable version "7.6.4", minimum required is "7.2.0") – Found Threads: TRUE – Found LibGmp: /usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/libgmpxx.so – Looking for clock_gettime in rt – Looking for clock_gettime in rt - found – Looking for execinfo.h – Looking for execinfo.h - found – Looking for ucontext.h – Looking for ucontext.h - found – Looking for C++ include cxxabi.h – Looking for C++ include cxxabi.h - found – Looking for memchr – Looking for memchr - found – Looking for pipe2 – Looking for pipe2 - found – Looking for GC_print_stats – Looking for GC_print_stats - found – Found PY_difflib: /usr/lib/python2.7/difflib.pyc – Found PY_shutil: /usr/lib/python2.7/shutil.pyc – Found PY_tempfile: /usr/lib/python2.7/tempfile.pyc – Found PY_subprocess: /usr/lib/python2.7/subprocess.pyc – Found PY_re: /home/nico/vcs/master-thesis/support/virtualenv2/lib/python2.7/re.pyc – Could NOT find Doxygen (missing: DOXYGEN_EXECUTABLE) – Program 'simple_switch_CLI' (https://github.com/p4lang/behavioral-model.git) not found; Searched . Will not run BMv2 tests. (missing: SIMPLE_SWITCH SIMPLE_SWITCH_CLI) – Program 'psa_switch_CLI' (https://github.com/p4lang/behavioral-model.git) not found; Searched . Will not run PSA BMv2 tests. (missing: PSA_SWITCH PSA_SWITCH_CLI) – Performing Test HAVE_OPTION_Wall – Performing Test HAVE_OPTION_Wall - Success – Performing Test HAVE_OPTION_Wextra – Performing Test HAVE_OPTION_Wextra - Success – Performing Test HAVE_OPTION_Wnooverloadedvirtual – Performing Test HAVE_OPTION_Wnooverloadedvirtual - Success – Performing Test HAVE_OPTION_Wnodeprecated – Performing Test HAVE_OPTION_Wnodeprecated - Success – Using the GNU gold linker. – Available extensions CMake Warning at backends/bmv2/CMakeLists.txt:193 (MESSAGE): BMv2 simple switch is not available, not adding v1model BMv2 tests

CMake Warning at backends/bmv2/CMakeLists.txt:199 (MESSAGE): BMv2 PSA switch is not available, not adding PSA BMv2 tests

– Found LLVM 7.0.1 – Added 14 tests to 'ebpf-kernel' (0 xfails) – Added 14 tests to 'ebpf-bcc' (0 xfails) – Added 14 tests to 'ebpf' (0 xfails) – Added 161 tests to 'p4' (0 xfails) – Added 506 tests to 'p4' (4 xfails) – Added 204 tests to 'p14_to_16' (0 xfails) – CTest parallel: -j 8 – Configuring done – Generating done – Build files have been written to: /home/nico/vcs/master-thesis/support/p4c/build

testing in build directory: works

/home/nico/vcs/master-thesis/support/p4c/build

Changing install path

CMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX cmake .. '-DCMAKE_CXX_FLAGS:STRING=-O3' -DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=/home/nico/vcs/master-thesis/support/p4c-installation

TODO Get p4utils running (?)
log of python, p4app, p4c installation

[16:16] line:support% virtualenv virtualenv2 Running virtualenv with interpreter /usr/bin/python2 New python executable in /home/nico/vcs/master-thesis/support/virtualenv2/bin/python2 Also creating executable in /home/nico/vcs/master-thesis/support/virtualenv2/bin/python Installing setuptools, pkg_resources, pip, wheel…done. [16:16] line:support%

[16:18] line:p4-utils-nsg% . ~/vcs/master-thesis/support/virtualenv2/bin/activate (virtualenv2) [16:19] line:p4-utils-nsg% which pip /home/nico/vcs/master-thesis/support/virtualenv2/bin/pip (virtualenv2) [16:19] line:p4-utils-nsg%

pip install -e .
Missing python development headers

copying psutil/tests/test_memory_leaks.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-2.7/psutil/tests running build_ext building 'psutil._psutil_linux' extension creating build/temp.linux-x86_64-2.7 creating build/temp.linux-x86_64-2.7/psutil x86_64-linux-gnu-gcc -pthread -DNDEBUG -g -fwrapv -O2 -Wall -Wstrict-prototypes -fno-strict-aliasing -Wdate-time -D_FORTIFY_SOURCE=2 -g -fdebug-prefix-map=/build/python2.7-UboFgi/python2.7-2.7.16~rc1=. -fstack-protector-strong -Wformat -Werror=format-security -fPIC -DPSUTIL_POSIX=1 -DPSUTIL_VERSION=561 -DPSUTIL_LINUX=1 -I/usr/include/python2.7 -c psutil/_psutil_common.c -o build/temp.linux-x86_64-2.7/psutil/_psutil_common.o psutil/_psutil_common.c:9:10: fatal error: Python.h: No such file or directory #include <Python.h> ^~~~~~~~~~ compilation terminated. error: command 'x86_64-linux-gnu-gcc' failed with exit status 1

root@line:~# apt install python2-dev

installing, but missing mininet.net

(virtualenv2) [16:21] line:p4-utils-nsg% pip install -e "." DEPRECATION: Python 2.7 will reach the end of its life on January 1st, 2020. Please upgrade your Python as Python 2.7 won't be maintained after that date. A future version of pip will drop support for Python 2.7. Obtaining /home/nico/vcs/master-thesis/support/p4-utils-nsg Requirement already satisfied: setuptools in /home/nico/vcs/master-thesis/support/virtualenv2/lib/python2.7/site-packages (from p4utils==0.2) (40.8.0) Requirement already satisfied: networkx in /home/nico/vcs/master-thesis/support/virtualenv2/lib/python2.7/site-packages (from p4utils==0.2) (2.2) Requirement already satisfied: ipaddress in /home/nico/vcs/master-thesis/support/virtualenv2/lib/python2.7/site-packages (from p4utils==0.2) (1.0.22) Requirement already satisfied: scapy in /home/nico/vcs/master-thesis/support/virtualenv2/lib/python2.7/site-packages (from p4utils==0.2) (2.4.2) Requirement already satisfied: psutil in /home/nico/vcs/master-thesis/support/virtualenv2/lib/python2.7/site-packages (from p4utils==0.2) (5.6.1) Requirement already satisfied: decorator>=4.3.0 in /home/nico/vcs/master-thesis/support/virtualenv2/lib/python2.7/site-packages (from networkx->p4utils==0.2) (4.3.2) Installing collected packages: p4utils Found existing installation: p4utils 0.2 Not uninstalling p4utils at /home/nico/vcs/master-thesis/support/p4-utils-nsg, outside environment /home/nico/vcs/master-thesis/support/virtualenv2 Can't uninstall 'p4utils'. No files were found to uninstall. Running setup.py develop for p4utils Successfully installed p4utils (virtualenv2) [16:21] line:p4-utils-nsg%

log Try2: using virtualenv that uses site packages for using mininet

[17:13] line:support% virtualenv –system-site-packages virtualenv-with-site Running virtualenv with interpreter /usr/bin/python2 New python executable in /home/nico/vcs/master-thesis/support/virtualenv-with-site/bin/python2 Also creating executable in /home/nico/vcs/master-thesis/support/virtualenv-with-site/bin/python Installing setuptools, pkg_resources, pip, wheel…done. [17:23] line:support% . ./virtualenv-with-site/bin/activate (virtualenv-with-site) [17:23] line:support% (virtualenv-with-site) [17:23] line:p4-utils-nsg% pip install -e . (virtualenv-with-site) [17:23] line:p4-utils-nsg% pip install -e . DEPRECATION: Python 2.7 will reach the end of its life on January 1st, 2020. Please upgrade your Python as Python 2.7 won't be maintained after that date. A future version of pip will drop support for Python 2.7. Obtaining /home/nico/vcs/master-thesis/support/p4-utils-nsg Requirement already satisfied: setuptools in /home/nico/vcs/master-thesis/support/virtualenv-with-site/lib/python2.7/site-packages (from p4utils==0.2) (40.8.0) Collecting networkx (from p4utils==0.2) Requirement already satisfied: ipaddress in /usr/lib/python2.7/dist-packages (from p4utils==0.2) (1.0.17) Requirement already satisfied: scapy in /usr/lib/python2.7/dist-packages (from p4utils==0.2) (2.4.0) Collecting psutil (from p4utils==0.2) Collecting decorator>=4.3.0 (from networkx->p4utils==0.2) Using cached https://files.pythonhosted.org/packages/f1/cd/7c8240007e9716b14679bc217a1baefa4432aa30394f7e2ec40a52b1a708/decorator-4.3.2-py2.py3-none-any.whl Installing collected packages: decorator, networkx, psutil, p4utils Running setup.py develop for p4utils Successfully installed decorator-4.3.2 networkx-2.2 p4utils psutil-5.6.1 (virtualenv-with-site) [17:23] line:p4-utils-nsg% which p4run /home/nico/vcs/master-thesis/support/virtualenv-with-site/bin/p4run (virtualenv-with-site) [17:24] line:p4-utils-nsg%

p4c –target bmv2 –arch v1model –std p4-16 "../p4src/static-mapping.p4" -o "/home/nico/vcs/master-thesis/p4src" ../p4src/static-mapping.p4(80): [–Wwarn=unused] warning: Table ndp_answer is not used; removing table ndp_answer { ^^^^^^^^^^ ../p4src/static-mapping.p4(96): [–Wwarn=unused] warning: Table port2mcast is not used; removing table port2mcast { ^^^^^^^^^^ ../p4src/static-mapping.p4(111): [–Wwarn=unused] warning: Table addr2mcast is not used; removing table addr2mcast { ^^^^^^^^^^ ../p4src/static-mapping.p4(128): [–Wwarn=unused] warning: Table ndp is not used; removing table ndp { ^^^ Switch port mapping: s1: 1:h1 2:h2 3:h3 4:h4 5:sw-cpu

Trying local vagrant VM
libvirtd missing user

root@line:~# libvirtd 2019-03-12 16:39:14.556+0000: 20235: info : libvirt version: 5.0.0, package: 1 (Guido Günther <agx@sigxcpu.org> Wed, 16 Jan 2019 10:31:33 +0100) 2019-03-12 16:39:14.556+0000: 20235: info : hostname: line 2019-03-12 16:39:14.556+0000: 20235: error : virGetUserID:1038 : invalid argument: Failed to parse user 'libvirt-qemu' 2019-03-12 16:39:14.556+0000: 20235: error : virStateInitialize:662 : Initialization of QEMU state driver failed: invalid argument: Failed to parse user 'libvirt-qemu' 2019-03-12 16:39:14.556+0000: 20235: error : daemonRunStateInit:799 : Driver state initialization failed root@line:~# useradd -m libvirt-qemu root@line:~#

root@line:~# strace -fF -e open libvirtd strace: deprecated option -F ignored strace: Process 20602 attached strace: Process 20603 attached strace: Process 20604 attached strace: Process 20605 attached strace: Process 20606 attached strace: Process 20607 attached strace: Process 20608 attached strace: Process 20609 attached strace: Process 20610 attached strace: Process 20611 attached strace: Process 20612 attached strace: Process 20613 attached strace: Process 20614 attached strace: Process 20615 attached strace: Process 20616 attached strace: Process 20617 attached strace: Process 20618 attached [pid 20618] + exited with 0 + [pid 20601] — SIGCHLD {si_signo=SIGCHLD, si_code=CLD_EXITED, si_pid=20618, si_uid=0, si_status=0, si_utime=0, si_stime=0} — strace: Process 20619 attached [pid 20619] + exited with 0 + [pid 20601] — SIGCHLD {si_signo=SIGCHLD, si_code=CLD_EXITED, si_pid=20619, si_uid=0, si_status=0, si_utime=0, si_stime=0} — strace: Process 20620 attached strace: Process 20621 attached strace: Process 20622 attached [pid 20622] + exited with 0 + [pid 20601] — SIGCHLD {si_signo=SIGCHLD, si_code=CLD_EXITED, si_pid=20622, si_uid=0, si_status=0, si_utime=0, si_stime=0} — strace: Process 20623 attached [pid 20623] + exited with 0 + [pid 20621] — SIGCHLD {si_signo=SIGCHLD, si_code=CLD_EXITED, si_pid=20623, si_uid=0, si_status=0, si_utime=0, si_stime=0} — strace: Process 20624 attached [pid 20624] + exited with 0 + [pid 20601] — SIGCHLD {si_signo=SIGCHLD, si_code=CLD_EXITED, si_pid=20624, si_uid=0, si_status=0, si_utime=0, si_stime=0} — strace: Process 20625 attached [pid 20625] + exited with 0 + [pid 20617] — SIGCHLD {si_signo=SIGCHLD, si_code=CLD_EXITED, si_pid=20625, si_uid=0, si_status=0, si_utime=0, si_stime=0} — strace: Process 20626 attached [pid 20626] + exited with 0 + [pid 20601] — SIGCHLD {si_signo=SIGCHLD, si_code=CLD_EXITED, si_pid=20626, si_uid=0, si_status=0, si_utime=0, si_stime=0} — strace: Process 20627 attached [pid 20627] + exited with 0 + [pid 20617] — SIGCHLD {si_signo=SIGCHLD, si_code=CLD_EXITED, si_pid=20627, si_uid=0, si_status=0, si_utime=0, si_stime=0} — strace: Process 20628 attached [pid 20621] + exited with 0 + strace: Process 20629 attached strace: Process 20630 attached strace: Process 20631 attached strace: Process 20632 attached strace: Process 20633 attached [pid 20631] + exited with 0 + [pid 20633] + exited with 1 + [pid 20630] + exited with 0 + [pid 20628] — SIGCHLD {si_signo=SIGCHLD, si_code=CLD_EXITED, si_pid=20630, si_uid=1001, si_status=0, si_utime=0, si_stime=0} — [pid 20632] + exited with 1 + [pid 20629] + exited with 1 + [pid 20628] + exited with 1 + [pid 20601] — SIGCHLD {si_signo=SIGCHLD, si_code=CLD_EXITED, si_pid=20628, si_uid=1001, si_status=1, si_utime=1, si_stime=0} — 2019-03-12 16:40:53.098+0000: 20617: info : libvirt version: 5.0.0, package: 1 (Guido Günther <agx@sigxcpu.org> Wed, 16 Jan 2019 10:31:33 +0100) 2019-03-12 16:40:53.098+0000: 20617: info : hostname: line 2019-03-12 16:40:53.098+0000: 20617: error : virQEMUCapsNewForBinaryInternal:4681 : internal error: Failed to probe QEMU binary with QMP: qemu-system-i386: cannot create PID file: Cannot open pid file: Permission denied

2019-03-12 16:40:53.098+0000: 20617: warning : virQEMUCapsLogProbeFailure:4628 : Failed to probe capabilities for /usr/bin/qemu-system-i386: internal error: Failed to probe QEMU binary with QMP: qemu-system-i386: cannot create PID file: Cannot open pid file: Permission denied

strace: Process 20634 attached strace: Process 20635 attached strace: Process 20636 attached strace: Process 20637 attached strace: Process 20638 attached strace: Process 20639 attached [pid 20637] + exited with 0 + [pid 20639] + exited with 1 + [pid 20636] + exited with 0 + [pid 20634] — SIGCHLD {si_signo=SIGCHLD, si_code=CLD_EXITED, si_pid=20636, si_uid=1001, si_status=0, si_utime=0, si_stime=0} — [pid 20638] + exited with 1 + [pid 20635] + exited with 1 + [pid 20634] + exited with 1 + [pid 20617] — SIGCHLD {si_signo=SIGCHLD, si_code=CLD_EXITED, si_pid=20634, si_uid=1001, si_status=1, si_utime=1, si_stime=0} — 2019-03-12 16:40:53.145+0000: 20617: error : virQEMUCapsNewForBinaryInternal:4681 : internal error: Failed to probe QEMU binary with QMP: qemu-system-x86_64: cannot create PID file: Cannot open pid file: Permission denied

2019-03-12 16:40:53.145+0000: 20617: warning : virQEMUCapsLogProbeFailure:4628 : Failed to probe capabilities for /usr/bin/qemu-system-x86_64: internal error: Failed to probe QEMU binary with QMP: qemu-system-x86_64: cannot create PID file: Cannot open pid file: Permission denied

strace: Process 20640 attached [pid 20640] + exited with 0 + [pid 20617] — SIGCHLD {si_signo=SIGCHLD, si_code=CLD_EXITED, si_pid=20640, si_uid=0, si_status=0, si_utime=0, si_stime=0} — strace: Process 20641 attached [pid 20641] + exited with 0 + [pid 20617] — SIGCHLD {si_signo=SIGCHLD, si_code=CLD_EXITED, si_pid=20641, si_uid=0, si_status=0, si_utime=0, si_stime=0} — strace: Process 20642 attached [pid 20642] + exited with 2 + [pid 20601] — SIGCHLD {si_signo=SIGCHLD, si_code=CLD_EXITED, si_pid=20642, si_uid=0, si_status=2, si_utime=0, si_stime=0} — strace: Process 20643 attached [pid 20643] + exited with 0 + [pid 20617] — SIGCHLD {si_signo=SIGCHLD, si_code=CLD_EXITED, si_pid=20643, si_uid=0, si_status=0, si_utime=0, si_stime=0} — [pid 20617] + exited with 0 + [pid 20601] — SIGWINCH {si_signo=SIGWINCH, si_code=SI_KERNEL} — ^Cstrace: Process 20601 detached strace: Process 20602 detached strace: Process 20603 detached strace: Process 20604 detached strace: Process 20605 detached strace: Process 20606 detached strace: Process 20607 detached strace: Process 20608 detached strace: Process 20609 detached strace: Process 20610 detached strace: Process 20611 detached strace: Process 20612 detached strace: Process 20613 detached strace: Process 20614 detached strace: Process 20615 detached strace: Process 20616 detached strace: Process 20620 detached

Creating network
Adding hosts:

h1 h2 h3 h4

Adding switches:

Cannot find required executable simple_switch. Please make sure that it is installed and available in your $PATH: (home/nico/vcs/master-thesis/support/virtualenv-with-site/bin:/usr/local/sbin:/usr/local/bin:/usr/sbin:/usr/bin:/sbin:/bin:/home/nico/vcs/master-thesis/support/p4c/build) (virtualenv-with-site) root@line:/home/nico/vcs/master-thesis/p4app#

TODO Setup test VM [dual stack] for Jool:

TODO Setup test VM [dual stack] for tayga:

NAT64/NAT46 Features in jool and tayga

TODO Static 1:1 NAT46: translate from IPv4 to IPv6 with a table
TODO TCP
TODO UDP
TODO ICMP <-> ICMPv6
TODO Stateless Prefix based NAT64: IPv6 to IPv4 translation prefix based
Allows IPv6 hosts to reach the IPv4 Internet
See time table above

Additional features queue (to be discussed)

TODO Offset based translation (v4->v6) -> same as range (?)
TODO IP address learning (v6/v4) for real life switch? How do hosts find it?

Thesis documentation

Motivation

TBD

Translation mechanisms

  • v4 to v6 / vice versa
  • Stateful / stateless
  • static / dynamic
Explicit Address Mappings Table (EAMT)

Current state of the art tayga/jool

TBD

Tayga
  • Single threaded
  • Multi threaded work started due to initiative of ungleich / Chrisrock [IPv6.chat]
Jool
  • EAMT bidirectional only (!)

IPtables interaction

```

user@T:~# # Create a Jool iptables instance named "example." user@T:~# # Also, establish that the IPv6 representation of any IPv4 address should be user@T:~# # `2001:db8::<IPv4 address>`. (See sections below for examples.) user@T:~# jool_siit instance add "example" –iptables –pool6 2001:db8::/96 user@T:~# user@T:~# # Tell iptables which traffic should be handled by our newly-created instance: user@T:~# user@T:~# # IPv6: only packets from 2001:db8::198.51.100.8/125 to 2001:db8::192.0.2 user@T:~# ip6tables -t mangle -A PREROUTING \ > -s 2001:db8::198.51.100.8/125 -d 2001:db8::192.0.2.0/120 \ > -j JOOL_SIIT –instance "example" user@T:~# # IPv4: Only packets from 192.0.2 to 198.51.100.8/29 user@T:~# iptables -t mangle -A PREROUTING \ > -s 192.0.2.0/24 -d 198.51.100.8/29 \ > -j JOOL_SIIT –instance "example" ``` 5656

Cisco (?)

P4 based implementation

General
  • IPv6 subnet 2001:db8::/32
  • IPv6 hosts are in 2001:db8:6::/64
  • IPv6 default router (::/0) is 2001:db8:6::42/64
  • IPv4 mapped Internet "NAT64 prefix" 2001:db8:4444::/96 (should go into a table)
  • IPv4 hosts are in 10.0.4.0/24
  • IPv6 in IPv4 mapped hosts are in 10.0.6.0/24
  • IPv4 default router = 10.0.0.42
Neighbor discover protocol
Initial log
  • Matching on prefix & ingress port, setting multicast

Being forwarded:

p4@ubuntu:~/master-thesis$ mx h1 tcpdump -ni h1-eth0 sudo: unable to resolve host ubuntu tcpdump: verbose output suppressed, use -v or -vv for full protocol decode listening on h1-eth0, link-type EN10MB (Ethernet), capture size 262144 bytes ^C14:59:22.871803 IP6 2001:db8:62::1 > ff02::1:ff00:2: ICMP6, neighbor solicitation, who has 2001:db8:62::2, length 32 14:59:23.863913 IP6 2001:db8:62::1 > ff02::1:ff00:2: ICMP6, neighbor solicitation, who has 2001:db8:62::2, length 32 14:59:24.864033 IP6 2001:db8:62::1 > ff02::1:ff00:2: ICMP6, neighbor solicitation, who has 2001:db8:62::2, length 32

3 packets captured 3 packets received by filter 0 packets dropped by kernel

But no answer yet!

root@ubuntu:~/master-thesis/p4app# ip a 1: lo: <LOOPBACK,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 65536 qdisc noqueue state UNKNOWN group default qlen 1 link/loopback 00:00:00:00:00:00 brd 00:00:00:00:00:00 inet 127.0.0.1/8 scope host lo valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever inet6 ::1/128 scope host valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever 2: h1-eth0@if123: <BROADCAST,MULTICAST,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 9500 qdisc netem state UP group default qlen 1000 link/ether 00:00:0a:00:00:01 brd ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff link-netnsid 0 inet6 2001:db8:62::2/64 scope global valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever inet6 2001:db8:61::1/64 scope global valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever inet6 fe80::200:aff:fe00:1/64 scope link valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever root@ubuntu:~/master-thesis/p4app#

Link local communication does not work:

root@ubuntu:~/master-thesis/p4app# ping6 -c1 fe80::200:aff:fe00:2%h1-eth0 PING fe80::200:aff:fe00:2%h1-eth0(fe80::200:aff:fe00:2) 56 data bytes From fe80::200:aff:fe00:1 icmp_seq=1 Destination unreachable: Address unreachable

— fe80::200:aff:fe00:2%h1-eth0 ping statistics — 1 packets transmitted, 0 received, +1 errors, 100% packet loss, time 0ms

root@ubuntu:~/master-thesis/p4app#

Packet is received on the other host, but not answered. Why?

Real trace from my network:

18:48:17.008524 IP6 2a0a:e5c1:111:111:eb7:ffdb:e245:f712 > ff02::1:ffb7:e225: ICMP6, neighbor solicitation, who has 2a0a:e5c1:111:111:1016:3c5a:38b7:e225, length 32 18:48:18.015016 IP6 2a0a:e5c1:111:111:eb7:ffdb:e245:f712 > ff02::1:ffb7:e225: ICMP6, neighbor solicitation, who has 2a0a:e5c1:111:111:1016:3c5a:38b7:e225, length 32 18:48:18.031165 IP6 2a0a:e5c1:111:111:1016:3c5a:38b7:e225 > 2a0a:e5c1:111:111:eb7:ffdb:e245:f712: ICMP6, neighbor advertisement, tgt is 2a0a:e5c1:111:111:1016:3c5a:38b7:e225, length 32 18:48:18.031236 IP6 2a0a:e5c1:111:111:eb7:ffdb:e245:f712 > 2a0a:e5c1:111:111:1016:3c5a:38b7:e225: ICMP6, echo request, seq 1, length 64 18:48:18.031267 IP6 2a0a:e5c1:111:111:eb7:ffdb:e245:f712 > 2a0a:e5c1:111:111:1016:3c5a:38b7:e225: ICMP6, echo request, seq 2, length 64 18:48:18.131709 IP6 2a0a:e5c1:111:111:1016:3c5a:38b7:e225 > 2a0a:e5c1:111:111:eb7:ffdb:e245:f712: ICMP6, echo reply, seq 1, length 64 18:48:18.131732 IP6 2a0a:e5c1:111:111:1016:3c5a:38b7:e225 > 2a0a:e5c1:111:111:eb7:ffdb:e245:f712: ICMP6, echo reply, seq 2, length 64

root@ubuntu:~/master-thesis/p4app# cat /proc/sys/net/ipv6/conf/*/disable_ipv6 1 1 0 0 root@ubuntu:~/master-thesis/p4app# root@ubuntu:~/master-thesis/p4app# ls -1 /proc/sys/net/ipv6/conf/*/disable_ipv6 /proc/sys/net/ipv6/conf/all/disable_ipv6 /proc/sys/net/ipv6/conf/default/disable_ipv6 /proc/sys/net/ipv6/conf/h1-eth0/disable_ipv6 /proc/sys/net/ipv6/conf/lo/disable_ipv6 root@ubuntu:~/master-thesis/p4app#

Works on mininet

mininet> h2 bash root@line:~# ip a 1: lo: <LOOPBACK,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 65536 qdisc noqueue state UNKNOWN group default qlen 1 link/loopback 00:00:00:00:00:00 brd 00:00:00:00:00:00 inet 127.0.0.1/8 scope host lo valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever inet6 ::1/128 scope host valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever 2: h2-eth0@if93: <BROADCAST,MULTICAST,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 1500 qdisc noqueue state UP group default qlen 1000 link/ether 32:0e:1e:bf:3c:4b brd ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff link-netnsid 0 inet 10.0.0.2/8 brd 10.255.255.255 scope global h2-eth0 valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever inet6 fe80::300e:1eff:febf:3c4b/64 scope link valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever root@line:~# ip addr add 2001:db8:61::42/64 dev h2-eth0 root@line:~# ^Dexit mininet> h1 bash root@line:~# ip addr add 2001:db8:61::42/64^[[D^[[D^?^?^?^?^?^?^?^?^?^?^?^C^C root@line:~# ^Dexit mininet> h1 ip addr add 2001:db8:61::2/64 dev h1-eth0 mininet> h2 ping6 -c2 2001:db8:61::2 PING 2001:db8:61::2(2001:db8:61::2) 56 data bytes 64 bytes from 2001:db8:61::2: icmp_seq=1 ttl=64 time=0.230 ms 64 bytes from 2001:db8:61::2: icmp_seq=2 ttl=64 time=0.138 ms

— 2001:db8:61::2 ping statistics — 2 packets transmitted, 2 received, 0% packet loss, time 1018ms rtt min/avg/max/mdev = 0.138/0.184/0.230/0.046 ms mininet>

mininet on VM also works

mininet> h1 ip addr add 2001:db8:61::1/64 dev h1-eth0 mininet> h2 ip addr add 2001:db8:61::2/64 dev h2-eth0 mininet> h2 ping6 -c2 2001:db8:61::2 PING 2001:db8:61::2(2001:db8:61::2) 56 data bytes 64 bytes from 2001:db8:61::2: icmp_seq=1 ttl=64 time=0.053 ms 64 bytes from 2001:db8:61::2: icmp_seq=2 ttl=64 time=0.082 ms

— 2001:db8:61::2 ping statistics — 2 packets transmitted, 2 received, 0% packet loss, time 999ms rtt min/avg/max/mdev = 0.053/0.067/0.082/0.016 ms mininet>

WORKING trace on mininet on the VM

19:38:49.852088 IP6 2001:db8:61::2 > ff02::1:ff00:1: ICMP6, neighbor solicitation, who has 2001:db8:61::1, length 32 19:38:49.852144 IP6 2001:db8:61::1 > 2001:db8:61::2: ICMP6, neighbor advertisement, tgt is 2001:db8:61::1, length 32 19:38:49.852163 IP6 2001:db8:61::2 > 2001:db8:61::1: ICMP6, echo request, seq 1, length 64 19:38:49.852176 IP6 2001:db8:61::1 > 2001:db8:61::2: ICMP6, echo reply, seq 1, length 64

checking ipv6 in p4-utils

p4@ubuntu:~/p4-utils$ grep -ri ipv6 . ./p4utils/mininetlib/p4_mininet.py: # disable IPv6 ./p4utils/mininetlib/p4_mininet.py: self.cmd("sysctl -w net.ipv6.conf.all.disable_ipv6=1") ./p4utils/mininetlib/p4_mininet.py: self.cmd("sysctl -w net.ipv6.conf.default.disable_ipv6=1") ./p4utils/mininetlib/p4_mininet.py: self.cmd("sysctl -w net.ipv6.conf.lo.disable_ipv6=1") ./p4utils/mininetlib/p4net.py: #remove Ipv6 for all the interfaces ./p4utils/mininetlib/p4net.py: cmd2 = "sysctl net.ipv6.conf.{0}.disable_ipv6=1" ./p4utils/mininetlib/p4net.py: #remove ipv6 Binary file ./p4utils/mininetlib/p4_mininet.pyc matches Binary file ./p4utils/mininetlib/p4net.pyc matches Binary file ./p4utils/utils/runtime_API.pyc matches ./p4utils/utils/runtime_API.py:class UIn_BadIPv6Error(UIn_Error): ./p4utils/utils/runtime_API.py:def ipv6Addr_to_bytes(addr): ./p4utils/utils/runtime_API.py: from ipaddr import IPv6Address ./p4utils/utils/runtime_API.py: ip = IPv6Address(addr) ./p4utils/utils/runtime_API.py: raise UIn_BadIPv6Error() ./p4utils/utils/runtime_API.py: raise UIn_BadIPv6Error() ./p4utils/utils/runtime_API.py: return ipv6Addr_to_bytes(input_str) ./p4utils/utils/runtime_API.py: except UIn_BadIPv6Error: ./p4utils/utils/runtime_API.py: raise UIn_BadParamError("Invalid IPv6 address") p4@ubuntu:~/p4-utils$

Messages we see in the controller on startup

DEBUG:main:INCOMING: <Ether dst=33:33:00:00:00:16 src=00:00:0a:00:00:02 type=0x86dd |<IPv6 version=6 tc=0 fl=0 plen=56 nh=Hop-by-Hop Option Header hlim=1 src=:: dst=ff02::16 |<IPv6ExtHdrHopByHop nh=ICMPv6 len=0 autopad=On options=[<RouterAlert otype=Router Alert [00: skip, 0: Don't change en-route] optlen=2 value=Datagram contains a MLD message |>, <PadN otype=PadN [00: skip, 0: Don't change en-route] optlen=0 |>] |<ICMPv6MLReport2 type=MLD Report Version 2 res=0 cksum=0x6d6d reserved=0 records_number=2 records=[<ICMPv6MLDMultAddrRec rtype=4 auxdata_len=0 sources_number=0 dst=ff02::1:ff00:1 sources=[ ] auxdata='' |<ICMPv6MLDMultAddrRec rtype=4 auxdata_len=0 sources_number=0 dst=ff02::1:ff00:2 |>>] |>>>> DEBUG:main:INCOMING: <Ether dst=33:33:00:00:00:16 src=00:01:0a:00:00:02 type=0x86dd |<IPv6 version=6 tc=0 fl=0 plen=36 nh=Hop-by-Hop Option Header hlim=1 src=fe80::201:aff:fe00:2 dst=ff02::16 |<IPv6ExtHdrHopByHop nh=ICMPv6 len=0 autopad=On options=[<RouterAlert otype=Router Alert [00: skip, 0: Don't change en-route] optlen=2 value=Datagram contains a MLD message |>, <PadN otype=PadN [00: skip, 0: Don't change en-route] optlen=0 |>] |<ICMPv6MLReport2 type=MLD Report Version 2 res=0 cksum=0x6604 reserved=0 records_number=1 records=[<ICMPv6MLDMultAddrRec rtype=4 auxdata_len=0 sources_number=0 dst=ff02::1:ff00:2 |>] |>>>> DEBUG:main:INCOMING: <Ether dst=33:33:00:00:00:16 src=00:00:0a:00:00:01 type=0x86dd |<IPv6 version=6 tc=0 fl=0 plen=36 nh=Hop-by-Hop Option Header hlim=1 src=fe80::200:aff:fe00:1 dst=ff02::16 |<IPv6ExtHdrHopByHop nh=ICMPv6 len=0 autopad=On options=[<RouterAlert otype=Router Alert [00: skip, 0: Don't change en-route] optlen=2 value=Datagram contains a MLD message |>, <PadN otype=PadN [00: skip, 0: Don't change en-route] optlen=0 |>] |<ICMPv6MLReport2 type=MLD Report Version 2 res=0 cksum=0x6607 reserved=0 records_number=1 records=[<ICMPv6MLDMultAddrRec rtype=4 auxdata_len=0 sources_number=0 dst=ff02::1:ff00:1 |>] |>>>> DEBUG:main:INCOMING: <Ether dst=33:33:00:00:00:02 src=00:00:0a:00:00:01 type=0x86dd |<IPv6 version=6 tc=0 fl=0 plen=16 nh=ICMPv6 hlim=255 src=fe80::200:aff:fe00:1 dst=ff02::2 |<ICMPv6ND_RS type=Router Solicitation code=0 cksum=0xf72e res=0 |<ICMPv6NDOptSrcLLAddr type=1 len=1 lladdr=00:00:0a:00:00:01 |>>>> DEBUG:main:INCOMING: <Ether dst=33:33:00:00:00:16 src=00:00:0a:00:00:02 type=0x86dd |<IPv6 version=6 tc=0 fl=0 plen=56 nh=Hop-by-Hop Option Header hlim=1 src=:: dst=ff02::16 |<IPv6ExtHdrHopByHop nh=ICMPv6 len=0 autopad=On options=[<RouterAlert otype=Router Alert [00: skip, 0: Don't change en-route] optlen=2 value=Datagram contains a MLD message |>, <PadN otype=PadN [00: skip, 0: Don't change en-route] optlen=0 |>] |<ICMPv6MLReport2 type=MLD Report Version 2 res=0 cksum=0x6d6d reserved=0 records_number=2 records=[<ICMPv6MLDMultAddrRec rtype=4 auxdata_len=0 sources_number=0 dst=ff02::1:ff00:1 sources=[ ] auxdata='' |<ICMPv6MLDMultAddrRec rtype=4 auxdata_len=0 sources_number=0 dst=ff02::1:ff00:2 |>>] |>>>> DEBUG:main:INCOMING: <Ether dst=33:33:00:00:00:16 src=00:00:0a:00:00:01 type=0x86dd |<IPv6 version=6 tc=0 fl=0 plen=36 nh=Hop-by-Hop Option Header hlim=1 src=fe80::200:aff:fe00:1 dst=ff02::16 |<IPv6ExtHdrHopByHop nh=ICMPv6 len=0 autopad=On options=[<RouterAlert otype=Router Alert [00: skip, 0: Don't change en-route] optlen=2 value=Datagram contains a MLD message |>, <PadN otype=PadN [00: skip, 0: Don't change en-route] optlen=0 |>] |<ICMPv6MLReport2 type=MLD Report Version 2 res=0 cksum=0x6607 reserved=0 records_number=1 records=[<ICMPv6MLDMultAddrRec rtype=4 auxdata_len=0 sources_number=0 dst=ff02::1:ff00:1 |>] |>>>> DEBUG:main:INCOMING: <Ether dst=33:33:00:00:00:16 src=00:00:0a:00:00:02 type=0x86dd |<IPv6 version=6 tc=0 fl=0 plen=56 nh=Hop-by-Hop Option Header hlim=1 src=fe80::200:aff:fe00:2 dst=ff02::16 |<IPv6ExtHdrHopByHop nh=ICMPv6 len=0 autopad=On options=[<RouterAlert otype=Router Alert [00: skip, 0: Don't change en-route] optlen=2 value=Datagram contains a MLD message |>, <PadN otype=PadN [00: skip, 0: Don't change en-route] optlen=0 |>] |<ICMPv6MLReport2 type=MLD Report Version 2 res=0 cksum=0x63ea reserved=0 records_number=2 records=[<ICMPv6MLDMultAddrRec rtype=4 auxdata_len=0 sources_number=0 dst=ff02::1:ff00:1 sources=[ ] auxdata='' |<ICMPv6MLDMultAddrRec rtype=4 auxdata_len=0 sources_number=0 dst=ff02::1:ff00:2 |>>] |>>>> DEBUG:main:INCOMING: <Ether dst=33:33:00:00:00:02 src=00:00:0a:00:00:02 type=0x86dd |<IPv6 version=6 tc=0 fl=0 plen=16 nh=ICMPv6 hlim=255 src=fe80::200:aff:fe00:2 dst=ff02::2 |<ICMPv6ND_RS type=Router Solicitation code=0 cksum=0xf72d res=0 |<ICMPv6NDOptSrcLLAddr type=1 len=1 lladdr=00:00:0a:00:00:02 |>>>> DEBUG:main:INCOMING: <Ether dst=33:33:00:00:00:16 src=00:00:0a:00:00:02 type=0x86dd |<IPv6 version=6 tc=0 fl=0 plen=56 nh=Hop-by-Hop Option Header hlim=1 src=fe80::200:aff:fe00:2 dst=ff02::16 |<IPv6ExtHdrHopByHop nh=ICMPv6 len=0 autopad=On options=[<RouterAlert otype=Router Alert [00: skip, 0: Don't change en-route] optlen=2 value=Datagram contains a MLD message |>, <PadN otype=PadN [00: skip, 0: Don't change en-route] optlen=0 |>] |<ICMPv6MLReport2 type=MLD Report Version 2 res=0 cksum=0x63ea reserved=0 records_number=2 records=[<ICMPv6MLDMultAddrRec rtype=4 auxdata_len=0 sources_number=0 dst=ff02::1:ff00:1 sources=[ ] auxdata='' |<ICMPv6MLDMultAddrRec rtype=4 auxdata_len=0 sources_number=0 dst=ff02::1:ff00:2 |>>] |>>>> DEBUG:main:INCOMING: <Ether dst=33:33:00:00:00:02 src=00:00:0a:00:00:01 type=0x86dd |<IPv6 version=6 tc=0 fl=0 plen=16 nh=ICMPv6 hlim=255 src=fe80::200:aff:fe00:1 dst=ff02::2 |<ICMPv6ND_RS type=Router Solicitation code=0 cksum=0xf72e res=0 |<ICMPv6NDOptSrcLLAddr type=1 len=1 lladdr=00:00:0a:00:00:01 |>>>> DEBUG:main:INCOMING: <Ether dst=33:33:00:00:00:02 src=00:00:0a:00:00:02 type=0x86dd |<IPv6 version=6 tc=0 fl=0 plen=16 nh=ICMPv6 hlim=255 src=fe80::200:aff:fe00:2 dst=ff02::2 |<ICMPv6ND_RS type=Router Solicitation code=0 cksum=0xf72d res=0 |<ICMPv6NDOptSrcLLAddr type=1 len=1 lladdr=00:00:0a:00:00:02 |>>>> DEBUG:main:INCOMING: <Ether dst=33:33:00:00:00:02 src=00:00:0a:00:00:01 type=0x86dd |<IPv6 version=6 tc=0 fl=0 plen=16 nh=ICMPv6 hlim=255 src=fe80::200:aff:fe00:1 dst=ff02::2 |<ICMPv6ND_RS type=Router Solicitation code=0 cksum=0xf72e res=0 |<ICMPv6NDOptSrcLLAddr type=1 len=1 lladdr=00:00:0a:00:00:01 |>>>> DEBUG:main:INCOMING: <Ether dst=33:33:00:00:00:02 src=00:00:0a:00:00:02 type=0x86dd |<IPv6 version=6 tc=0 fl=0 plen=16 nh=ICMPv6 hlim=255 src=fe80::200:aff:fe00:2 dst=ff02::2 |<ICMPv6ND_RS type=Router Solicitation code=0 cksum=0xf72d res=0 |<ICMPv6NDOptSrcLLAddr type=1 len=1 lladdr=00:00:0a:00:00:02 |>>>>

Ignored ICMPv6 packets

We are not using router advertisements, so we ignore RS packets DEBUG:main:INCOMING: <Ether dst=33:33:00:00:00:02 src=00:00:0a:00:00:01 type=0x86dd |<IPv6 version=6 tc=0 fl=0 plen=16 nh=ICMPv6 hlim=255 src=fe80::200:aff:fe00:1 dst=ff02::2 |<ICMPv6ND_RS type=Router Solicitation code=0 cksum=0xf72e res=0 |<ICMPv6NDOptSrcLLAddr type=1 len=1 lladdr=00:00:0a:00:00:01 |>>>>

Double table entries due to collision
  • NDP: last 24 bit
  • Switch has same ending address in different networks -> equal last 24 bit
  • results in trying to add multicast address multiple times

Adding entry to exact match table v6_addresses match key: EXACT-ff:02:00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00:01:ff:00:00:42 action: controller_reply runtime data: 00:01 Invalid table operation (DUPLICATE_ENTRY) Adding entry to exact match table v6_addresses match key: EXACT-ff:02:00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00:00:01:ff:00:00:43 action: controller_reply runtime data: 00:01 Invalid table operation (DUPLICATE_ENTRY) Adding entry to exact match table v6_addresses match key: EXACT-20:01:0d:b8:00:00:00:01:00:00:00:00:00:00:00:43 action: icmp6_echo_reply runtime data: Entry has been added with handle 5

General approach
  • Need to react on our multicast group
  • But also need to forward to other ports that subscribed to that multicast group!
Static mappings
  • likely need table(s)
  • need tcp & udp translation
ICMPv6
General / Intro

Different lengths possible

[20:35] line:~% ping -6 -s 20 ::1 PING ::1(::1) 20 data bytes 28 bytes from ::1: icmp_seq=1 ttl=64 time=0.045 ms 28 bytes from ::1: icmp_seq=2 ttl=64 time=0.064 ms ^C — ::1 ping statistics — 2 packets transmitted, 2 received, 0% packet loss, time 1018ms rtt min/avg/max/mdev = 0.045/0.054/0.064/0.012 ms [20:36] line:~% ping -6 -s 80 ::1 PING ::1(::1) 80 data bytes 88 bytes from ::1: icmp_seq=1 ttl=64 time=0.053 ms 88 bytes from ::1: icmp_seq=2 ttl=64 time=0.095 ms ^C — ::1 ping statistics — 2 packets transmitted, 2 received, 0% packet loss, time 1001ms rtt min/avg/max/mdev = 0.053/0.074/0.095/0.021 ms [20:36] line:~%

Different checksum in most packets.

root@ubuntu:~/master-thesis# ip -6 neigh show root@ubuntu:~/master-thesis# ip -6 neigh add 2001:db8:61::42 dev h1-eth0 lladdr 00:00:0a:00:00:42 root@ubuntu:~/master-thesis# ip -6 neigh show 2001:db8:61::42 dev h1-eth0 lladdr 00:00:0a:00:00:42 PERMANENT root@ubuntu:~/master-thesis#

root@ubuntu:~/master-thesis# tcpdump -ni h1-eth0 tcpdump: verbose output suppressed, use -v or -vv for full protocol decode listening on h1-eth0, link-type EN10MB (Ethernet), capture size 262144 bytes ^C20:22:43.944152 IP6 2001:db8:61::1 > 2001:db8:61::42: ICMP6, echo request, seq 1, length 64 20:22:43.945992 IP6 2001:db8:61::1 > 2001:db8:61::42: ICMP6, echo request, seq 1, length 64 20:22:44.952453 IP6 2001:db8:61::1 > 2001:db8:61::42: ICMP6, echo request, seq 2, length 64 20:22:44.953995 IP6 2001:db8:61::1 > 2001:db8:61::42: ICMP6, echo request, seq 2, length 64

4 packets captured 4 packets received by filter 0 packets dropped by kernel root@ubuntu:~/master-thesis#

When pinging we see

DEBUG:main:INCOMING: <Ether dst=33:33:ff:00:00:42 src=00:00:0a:00:00:01 type=0x86dd |<IPv6 version=6 tc=0 fl=0 plen=32 nh=ICMPv6 hlim=255 src=2001:db8:61::1 dst=ff02::1:ff00:42 |<ICMPv6ND_NS type=Neighbor Solicitation code=0 cksum=0xd343 res=0 tgt=2001:db8:61::42 |<ICMPv6NDOptSrcLLAddr type=1 len=1 lladdr=00:00:0a:00:00:01 |>>>> DEBUG:main:INCOMING: <Ether dst=33:33:ff:00:00:42 src=00:00:0a:00:00:01 type=0x86dd |<IPv6 version=6 tc=0 fl=0 plen=32 nh=ICMPv6 hlim=255 src=2001:db8:61::1 dst=ff02::1:ff00:42 |<ICMPv6ND_NS type=Neighbor Solicitation code=0 cksum=0xd343 res=0 tgt=2001:db8:61::42 |<ICMPv6NDOptSrcLLAddr type=1 len=1 lladdr=00:00:0a:00:00:01 |>>>> DEBUG:main:INCOMING: <Ether dst=33:33:ff:00:00:42 src=00:00:0a:00:00:01 type=0x86dd |<IPv6 version=6 tc=0 fl=0 plen=32 nh=ICMPv6 hlim=255 src=2001:db8:61::1 dst=ff02::1:ff00:42 |<ICMPv6ND_NS type=Neighbor Solicitation code=0 cksum=0xd343 res=0 tgt=2001:db8:61::42 |<ICMPv6NDOptSrcLLAddr type=1 len=1 lladdr=00:00:0a:00:00:01 |>>>>

Hosts
Left side: IPv6
Right side: IPv4
Included in the header
DONE Supported feature: NDP NA/NS
  • For resolving mac address
  • Initially controller
  • Ported into switch
DONE Supported feature: icmp6 echo reply

p4@ubuntu:~/master-thesis/p4app$ python test.py –method ping6_switch PING 2001:db8::42(2001:db8::42) 56 data bytes 64 bytes from 2001:db8::42: icmp_seq=1 ttl=64 time=3.05 ms

— 2001:db8::42 ping statistics — 1 packets transmitted, 1 received, 0% packet loss, time 0ms rtt min/avg/max/mdev = 3.055/3.055/3.055/0.000 ms p4@ubuntu:~/master-thesis/p4app$

Requirements
Static NAT64

Asymmetric maps: v6->v4 can match whole IPv4 Internet (/96) But v4->v6 can only map sub range! Using /24s (for convience) in IPv4

Development mode/loop

Code - commit - push - pull - restart switch - check whether all tables are present (missing .apply()) restart controller - check whether tables are applied correctly (type conversion problems) - start tcpdump - start test program - stop tcpdump - add pcap to git repo - git add-commit-push - git pull - start wireshark - debug packets - analyse code - goto 1

Setting up a system for working on P4 on devuan
mininet
bmv2

[21:24] line:~% sudo apt install libthrift-dev [21:26] line:~% sudo apt install thrift-compiler libnanomsg-dev libjudy-dev

Performance comparison

Challenges / Limitations in P4

DONE cannot read key from table
log

Key and mask for matching destination is in table. We need this information in the action. However this information is not exposed, so we need to specify another parameter with the same information as in the key(s).

Log from slack: (2019-03-14)

nico [1:55 PM] If I use LPM for matching, can I easily get the network address from P4 or do I have to use a bitmask myself? In the latter case it is not exactly clear how to get the mask from the table

Nate Foster [1:58 PM] You want to retrieve the address in the packet? In a table? And do you want to do the retrieving from the data plane or the control plane? (edited)

nico [2:00 PM] If I have a match in a table that matches on LPM, it can be any IP address in a network For calculating the NAT64/NAT46 translation, I will need the base address, i.e. network address to do subtractions/additions So it is fully data plane, what I would like to do I'll commit sample code to show the use case more clearly https://gitlab.ethz.ch/nicosc/master-thesis/blob/master/p4src/static-mapping.p4#L73 GitLab p4src/static-mapping.p4 · master · nicosc / master-thesis gitlab.ethz.ch So the action nat64_static() is used in the table v6_networks. In v6_networks I use a match on `hdr.ipv6.dst_addr: lpm;` What I would like to be able is to get the network address ; I can do that manually, if I have the mask I can also re-inject this parameter by another action argument, but I'd assume that I can somewhere read this out from the table / match

Nate Foster [2:15 PM] To make sure I understand, in the data plane, you want to retrieve the address in the lpm pattern? (edited)

nico [2:16 PM] I want to retrieve the key

Nate Foster [2:16 PM] Wait. The value `hdr.ipv6.dst_addr` is the thing used in the match. So you have that. What you don’t have is the IPv6 address and mask put into the table by the control plane. I assume you want the latter, right?

nico [2:17 PM] For example, if my matching key is 2001:db8::/32 and the real address is 2001:db8::f00, then I would like to retrieve 2001:db8:: and 32 from the table exactly 🙂 I can "fix" this by adding another argument, but it feels somewhat wrong to do that Because the table already knows this information

Nate Foster [2:26 PM] I can’t think of a way other than the action parameter hack.

nico [2:26 PM] Oh, ok Is it because the information is "lost in hardware"?

Nate Foster [2:31 PM] No you’re right that most implementations have the value in memory. And one can imagine a different table API that allowed one to retrieve it in the data plane. But unless I am missing something obvious, P4 hides it…

Result

Need to duplicate information

DONE ICMP6: checksum over payload
  • variable length, up to 65k

Exists!

DONE Synchronisation with the controller
  • Double data type definition -> might differ
  • TYPE_CPU for ethernet
  • Port ingress offset (9 vs. 16 bit)
Only one LPM key supported in tables (2019-03-23)
../p4src/static-mapping.p4(121): error: MyIngress.nat64, Multiple LPM keys in table
    table nat64 {
          ^^^^^
Compilation Error

Code:

    table nat64 {
        key = {
            hdr.ipv6.src_addr: lpm;
            hdr.ipv6.dst_addr: lpm;
        }
        actions = {
            controller_debug;
            nat64_static;
            NoAction;
        }
        size = NAT64_TABLE_SIZE;
        default_action = controller_debug;
    }
No table meta information for default actions (asked 2019-03-25)

Is there any meta information for "from which table was the action called" available? My use case is having a debug action that sends packets to the controller and I use it as a default_action in various tables; however know I don't know anymore from which table the action was called. Is there any kind of meta information which table called me available?

I could work around this by using if(! .. .hit) { my_action(table_id) }, but it would not work with using default_action = …

Implementation limitations

No fragmentation support (yet)
No session handling (yet)

1:1 mappings. No (automatic) session.

IPv4 / IPv6 embedding

Currently offset based - probably not following the RFC!

No DNS64

has already been solved in a different domain - could even do transparent / in network modification

Incomplete NDP

Very limited option support

NAT64 mappings not source network dependent

Only the destination network is matched for deciding on NAT64, as priority based double LPM is not supported. This limits a prefix to be used only in one network.

References / Follow up

RFC 4861: https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc4861 Neighbor discovery
RFC 6052: https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc6052 IPv6 Addressing of IPv4/IPv6 Translators
RFC 6586 for deployment experiences using Stateful NAT64.
RFC 7757 Explicit Address Mappings for Stateless IP/ICMP Translation

DONE Admin

DONE Clarify PDF / form with Denise Spicher: free form description

DONE Create task description to be handed in mystudies

DONE Create list of tasks / initial brainstorming

DONE Get OK from Ueli Maurer that thesis is valid in Information Security Area

DONE Find out how-when-whom-where to meet / define schedule

DONE Latex and/or org-mode for the thesis? org for starting

DONE Add initial milestones

180d plan
25w

DONE Proposal / task description

Task description for mystudies
High speed NAT64 with P4

Currently there are two main open source NAT64 solution available: tayga and jool. The former is a single threaded, cpu bound user space solution, the latter a custom Linux kernel module.

This thesis challenges this status quo by developing a P4 based solution supporting all features of jool/tayga and comparing the performance, security and adaptivity of the solutions.

  • Milestone 1: Stateless NAT64/NAT46 translations in P4
  • Milestone 2: Stateful (dynamic) NAT64/NAT46 translations
  • Milestone 3: Hardware adaption
Original ideas

Proposal 1: Automating NAT64 with P4

In IPv6 only data centers IPv4 connectivity is still a business requirement. Current state of the art methods include layer 7 proxying or static assignments. both featuring static assignments.

A flexible, dynamic assignment of IPv4 addresses to IPv6 hosts, similar to lease times in DHCPv4 and prefix delegations in DHCPv6 could reduce the pressure on IPv4 addresses.

I would suggest the develop of a new protocol (likely UDP embedded) that allows hosts to request on-network support for IPv4 addresses. As IPv4 addresses have to be treated as "expensive", an accounting metric has to be introduced. While in the business world this is usually related to money, in the network world IPv4 users could be paying the network by (reduced) bandwidth.

If such a metric existed, devices attached to the network could also try to negotiate and wait for using IPv4, when the price / penality for IPv4 is low (this might be very suitable for mail exchangers for instance).

Proposal 2: High speed NAT64 with P4

Currently there are two main open source NAT64 solution available: tayga[0] and jool[1]. The former is a single threaded, cpu bound user space solution, the latter a custom Linux kernel module.

I would like to challenge this status quo and develop a P4 based solution supporting all features of jool/tayga and comparing the performance and adaptivity of the solutions.

[0] http://www.litech.org/tayga/ [1] https://www.jool.mx/en/index.html

Proposal 3: Challenging the status quo with IPv10

The de facto standard in networking is to treat IPv4 and IPv6 as "impossible to combine". This proposal is to challenge this notion with three different methods:

  • Extensions to IPv4 to request remote IPv6 transport
  • Extensions to IPv6 to request remote IPv4 transport
  • Support in network equipment to handle the extensions

As the IPv4 header does not allow embedding IPv6 addresses due to size limitations, embedding the destination address in a secondary header might be necessary (possibly encapsulated in UDP).